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THEODOR MUNDT (18o8–1861)

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Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 5 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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THEODOR MUNDT (18o8–1861), German author, was born at Potsdam on the 19th of September 18o8. Having studied philology and philosophy at Berlin, he settled in 1832 at Leipzig, as a journalist, and was subjected to a rigorous police supervision. In 1839 he married Klara Muller (1814–1873), who under the name of Luise Miihlbach became a popular novelist, and he removed in the same year to Berlin. Here his intention of entering upon an academical career was for a time thwarted by his collision with the Prussian press laws. In 1842, however, he was permitted to establish himself as privatdocent. In 1848 he was appointed professor of literature and history in Breslau, and in 185o ordinary professor and librarian in Berlin; there he died on the 3oth of November 1861. Mundt wrote extensively on aesthetic subjects, and as a critic he had considerable influence in his time. Prominent among his works are Die Kunst der deutschen Prosa (1837); Geschichte der Literatur der Gegenwart (184o) ; Aesthetik; die Idee der Schonheit and des Kunstwerks im Lichte unserer Zeit (1845, new ed. 1868); Die Gotterwelt der alien Volker (1846, new ed. 1854). He also wrote several historical novels; Thomas Mi nzer (1841); Mendoza, der Vater der Schelmen (1847) and Die Matadore (1850). But perhaps Mundt's chi' f title to fame was his part in the emancipation of women, a theme which he elaborated in his Madonna, Unterhaltungen mit einer Heiligen (1835).
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