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MUZAFFARGARH

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 102 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MUZAFFARGARH, a town and district of British India, in the Multan division of the Punjab. The town is near the right bank of the river Chenab, and has a railway station. Pop. (19o1), 4018. Its fort and a mosque were built by Nawab Muzaffar Khan in 1794-1796. The DISTRICT OF MUZAFFARGARH occupies the lower end of the Sind-Sagar Doab. Area, 3635 sq. m. In the northern half of the district is the wild that or central desert, an arid elevated tract with a width of 40 M. in the extreme north, which gradually contracts until it disappears about 10 m. south of Muzaffargarh town. Although apparently a table-land, it is really composed of separate sandhills, with intermediate valleys lying at a lower level than that of the Indus, and at times flooded. The towns stand on high sites or are protected by embankments; but the villages scattered over the lowlands are exposed to annual inundations, during which the people abandon their grass-built huts, and take refuge on wooden platforms attached to each house. Throughout the cold weather large herds of camels, belonging chiefly to the Povindah merchants of Afghanistan, graze upon the sandy waste. The district possesses hardly any distinct annals of its own, having always formed part of Multan (q.v.). The population in 1901 was 405,656, showing an increase of 6.4% in the decade, due to the extension of irrigation. The principal crops are wheat, pulse, rice and indigo. The most important domestic animal is the camel. The district is crossed by the North-Western railway, and the boundary rivers are navigable, besides furnishing numerous irrigation channels, originally constructed under native rule.
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Additional information and Comments

muzaffar garh is a district of dera ghazi khan not of multan.in the city ,doctor malik muhammad rizwan kalrou is doing utmost work on veterinary. thanx
MUZAFFAR GARH IS VERY DEVELOPING DISTRICT.THERE ARE TOO MUCH ACADEMIES.ITS TOWN BASIRA WHICH IS LOCATED AT 12 KM FROM CITY MUZAFFAR GARH.
The boundries of the District M.Garh touches with eight District. The area of this district is very large. in the meanwhile, this place always remian a place of politicians but not a single person try to make it develope.all the bulings of Govt. sector are in very miserable condition. so it is very important that a this district has to devide in two distircts. because of its largness, it will impossible to develope this district. thnx
not mentioned about industries of Mills and not mentioned internal City of District Muzaffar Garh. It is true that Town Basira is located about 12 kilomets but not mentioned other village who is very near exaple Bhuttapur of District Muzaffagar which located aafter across of the Railwaystation of District Muzaffargarh. Milss Fazal Cloct, Muhib Textile Mills not mentioned.
AThe district is home to three ethnic communities, the Seraiki, Punjabi and Urdu speakers. The Seraiki population is in majority where as Punjabis and Mohajirs Local Seraikies belong to following tribes, the Baluch, Pathan, jam ,JATT Gasoors's Sayyid and Qureshi. The main Jat tribes in the district are the Khakhi, Pattal,Khundwaa, Khar, Lohanch, Chhajra, Hanjra,and KALROU, while the main Baluch clans are the Qalandrani, Leghari, Pitafi, Gormani, Surani Balouch, Almani Baloch,Chandia, Syed, Naulatia, Dasti, Jatoi etc. There also other tribes and clans that have settled since the independence of Pakistan, they include: Mughal, Khanzada, Ranghar, Jat,Arain, Muhajir, Mirani, and Awan.Bukhari,s are also famous in muzaffargarh and the leader of Bukhari group is Peer Abdullah Shah Bukhari.
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