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NAKHICHEVAN, or NAKHJEVAN

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Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 156 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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NAKHICHEVAN, or NAKHJEVAN  , a city of
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Russian Armenia, in the government of Erivan, 85 m . S.E. of the
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town of Erivan . It occupies the brow of a spur of the Kara-bagh mountains, 2940 ft. above the sea, and looks out over the valley of the
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Aras . Pop . (1863) 6251, (1897) 8845 . Built and rebuilt again and again, Nakhichevan is full of
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half-obliterated evidences of former prosperity . The
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present houses have for the most
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part been quarried from ancient ruins; of the palace of the princes of Azerbaijan there remains a gateway with a Persian inscription, flanked by two brick towers; and at a little distance stands the so-called Tower of the Khans, a richly decorated twelve-sided structure, 102 ft. in circumference and 75 ft. in height, dating, to judge by the inscription which runs around the cornice, from the 12th century . There are also ruins of a large mosque . Situated on the highroad to
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Tabriz and Teheran, Nakhichevan has a large transit trade . In the Persian period the city is said to have had 40,000 inhabitants; the population now consists chiefly of Tatars and Armenians, who carry on gardening, make wine and produce
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silk, salt and millstones . Armenian tradition claims Noah as the founder of Nakhichevan (the Naxuana of Ptolemy), and a
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mound of earth in the city is still visited by many pilgrims as his
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grave . Laid waste by the Persians in the 4th century, Nakhichevan sank into
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comparative insignificance, but by the loth century had recovered its prosperity .

In 1064 it was taken by

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Alp Arslan, sultan of the Seljuk
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Turks, and in the 13th century it fell a prey to the
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Mongols of Jenghiz Khan . It afterwards suffered frequently during the
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wars between the Persians, Armenians and Turks, and it finally passed into Russian possession by the peace of Turkman-chai in 1828 . NAKHICHEVAN-ON-THE-DON, a town of
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southern Russia, in the Don Cossacks territory, 6 m. by
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rail N.E. of the town of Rostov and on the right
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bank of the Don . Pop . (1900) 30,883 . It was founded in 178o by Armenian immigrants . It soon became a wealthy place, and still is the administrative centre of the " Armenian
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district," a narrow
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strip along the banks of the Don, with a population of 27,250 . The town has
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tobacco and wadding factories, tallow-melting
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works,
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soap-works, brickworks and tanneries . There is a large trade in cereals and
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timber .

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Additional information and Comments

Dear admin. Nakhcivan is a part of the Azerbaijan. I am citizen of the Nakhcivan I am in Nakhchivan now .How it can be ? Armenians are occupiers. Be attentive Admin..Investigate anew and write
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