See also:admiral, was the second son of Captain the Hon .
See also:Napier, R.N., and
See also:grandson of
See also:Francis, fifth
See also:Lord Napier . He was
See also:born at Merchiston
See also:Hall, near
See also:Falkirk, on the 6th of
See also:March 1786 . He became a
See also:midshipman in 1800, and was promoted
See also:lieutenant in 1805 . He was appointed to the " Courageux " (74), and was
See also:present in her at the
See also:action in which the
See also:squadron under
See also:Sir J . B .
See also:Warren took the French "
See also:Marengo " (8o) and " Belle Poule " (40), on the 13th of March 1806 in the West Indies . After re-turning home with Warren he went back to the West Indies in the " St
See also:George " and was appointed acting
See also:commander of the "
See also:Pultusk " brig . The
See also:rank was confirmed on the 3oth of
See also:November 1807 . In
See also:August 1808 he was moved into the " Recruit " (18), and in her fought an action with the " Diligent " (18), in which his thigh was broken . In
See also:April 1809 he took
See also:part in the capture of the " Hautpoult " (74), and was promotedacting
See also:post captain . His rank was confirmed, but he was put on
See also:half-pay, when he came home with a
See also:convoy .
He spent some
See also:time at the university of
See also:Edinburgh, and then went to
See also:Portugal to visit his
See also:cousins in Wellington's army . In 1811 he served in the Mediterranean, and in 1813 on the
See also:coast of
See also:America and in the expedition up the
See also:Potomac . The first years of his leisure he spent in Italy and in
See also:Paris, but speculated so much in a steamboat enterprise that by 1827 he was quite ruined . In that
See also:year he was appointed to the " Galatea " (42), and was at the
See also:Azores when they were held by the count de
See also:Flor for the
See also:queen of Portugal . He so much impressed the constitutional leaders that they begged him to take command of the
See also:fleet, which offer he accepted in
See also:February 1833 . With it he destroyed the Miguelite fleet off Cape St Vincent on
See also:July 5, and on the demand of France was struck off the
See also:list . Continuing his Portuguese services, he commanded the
See also:land forces on the successful defence of
See also:Lisbon in 1834, when he was made
See also:Grand Commander of the Tower and Sword, and Count Cape St Vincent in the
See also:peerage of Portugal . On his return to England he was re-stored to his former rank in the navy 1836, and received command of the " Powerful " (84), in 1838 . When troubles broke out in
See also:Syria he was appointed second in command, and distinguished himself by leading the storming
See also:column at Sidon on
See also:September 26, 1840, and by other services, for which he was made a K.C.B . He went on half-pay in 1841, and was in 1842 elected M.P. for 1vIarylebone in the Liberal
See also:interest, but lost his seat in 1846 . He was promoted
See also:rear-admiral the same year, and commanded the Channel fleet from 1846 to 1848 . On the outbreak of the
See also:Russian War he received the command of the fleet destined to
See also:act in the Baltic, and hoisted his
See also:flag in February 1854 .
Ile refused to attack Cronstadt, and a
See also:great outcry was raised against him for not obeying the orders of the
See also:Admiralty and attempting to
See also:storm the
See also:key of St
See also:Petersburg; but his inaction has been thoroughly justified by posterity . On his return in
See also:December 1854 he was hot again offered a command . He was elected M.P. for
See also:Southwark in February 1855, and maintained his seat, though broken in
See also:health, until his
See also:death on the 6th of November 1860 . Sir Charles Napier was a man of undoubted energy and courage, but of no less eccentricity and vanity . He caused great offence to many of his
See also:officers by his behaviour to his
See also:superior, Admiral Stopford, in the Syrian War, and was embroiled all his
See also:life in quarrels with the Admiralty . See Major-General E . Napier's Life and
See also:Correspondence of Admiral Sir Charles Napier, K.C.B . (2 vols.,
See also:London, 1862); Napier's own War in Syria (2 vols., 1842); The Navy: its past and present state, in a series of letters, edited by Sir W . F . P . Napier (1851); and The
See also:History of the Baltic
See also:Campaign of 1854, from documents and other materials furnished by
See also:Vice-Admiral Sir C . Napier, K.C.B .
(1857) . See also The Life and Exploits ofCommodore Napier (1841); and Life of Vice-Admiral Sir C . Napier (1854) .
JOHN NAPIER (1550-1617)
SIR CHARLES JAMES NAPIER (1782-1853)
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