NARCISSUS , a genus of bulbous
See also:plants belonging to the
See also:family Amaryllidaceae, natives of central
See also:Europe and the Mediterranean region; one
See also:species N . Tazetta, extends through
See also:Asia to
See also:Japan . From these, or rather from some of these, by cultivation and hybridization, have arisen the very numerous
See also:modern varieties . The plants have long narrow leaves
See also:ing from the bulb and a central scape bearing one or more generally large,
See also:white or yellow, drooping or inclined
See also:flowers, I which are enveloped before opening in a membranous 4 spathe . The flowers are
See also:regular, with a perianth springing from above the ovary, tubular below, with spreading segments and a central
See also:corona; the six stamens are inserted within the
See also:tube . The most interesting feature botanically is the " corona " or "
See also:cup," which springs from the Fia . 1.—Flowers of Narcissus
See also:base of the flower-segments . (Narcissus Tazetta) bursting from This gives the
See also:char-the sheathing bract or spathe, b. acter to the flower, and the members of the genus are classified according to the length of this
See also:organ as compared with that of the segments . The most probable supposition is that the cup is simply an excrescence or " enation " from the mouth of the flower-tube, and is connected with the fertilization of the flowers by
See also:insect agency . F1c . 2.-Daffodil—(Narcissus Pseudonarcissus) . 1, Flower cut open; 2,
See also:pistil; 3,
See also:horizontal plan of flower .
thickets in most parts of the
See also:north of Europe, but is rare in Scotland . Its leaves are five or six in number, are about 1 ft. in length and i in. in breadth, and have a blunt
See also:keel and
See also:flat edges . The
See also:stem is about 18 in. long and the spathe single-flowered . The flowers are large, yellow, scented and a little drooping, with a corolla deeply cleft into six lobes and a
See also:bell-shaped corona which is crisped at the margin; they appear in
See also:March or
See also:April . In this species the corona is also very large and prominent, but is more elongated and
See also:trumpet-shaped, while the other members are regarded as subspecies or varieties of this . Of this
See also:group the most striking one perhaps is N, bicolor, which has the perianth almost white and the corona deep yellow; it yields a number of varieties, some of the best known being Empress, Horsfieldi,
See also:Grandee, Ellen Willmott,
See also:Victoria, Weardale Perfection, &c . N. moschatus, a native of the Pyrenees and the
See also:Spanish peninsula, is a cream-coloured subspecies of
See also:great beauty with several forms . N. cyclamineus is a
See also:pretty dwarf sub-species, native of
See also:Portugal, with narrow linear leaves and drooping flowers with reflexed lemon-yellow segments and an orange-yellow corona N. major is a robust
See also:form with leaves I—; in. broad and bright demon-yellow flowers 2—21 in. long; maximus is a closely-related but still finer form; obvallaris (the
See also:daffodil) is an early form with uniformly yellow flowers . N. minor and minimus are
See also:miniature repetitions of the daffodil . All these grow well in
See also:soil, and blossom from March onwards, coming in very early in genial seasons . 3 . Another group, the
See also:mock narcissi or
See also:star daffodils, with coronets of
See also:size, includes the
See also:fine and numerous varieties of N. incomparabilis, one of which, with large,
See also:double flowers, is known as
See also:butter-and-eggs; N. odorus, known as the campernelle jonquil, has two to four
See also:uniform bright yellow flowers, and is considered a hybrid between N .
Jonquilla and N . Pseudonarcissus . A form with sweet-scented double flowers is known as
See also:Ann's jonquil; N. juncifolius, a graceful little plant from Spain, Portugal and south France, has one to four small bright yellow flowers on each scape . The hardier forms of this set thrive in the open border, but the smaller sorts, like Queen Ann's ionqu'l, are better taken up in autumn and replanted in
See also:February; they
See also:bloom freely about April or May . N. triandrus—Ganymede's Cup--is a pretty little species with white flowers about i in. long; in several of its varieties the flowers are a
See also:pale or deeper yellow; they make attractive pot plants . 4 . The
See also:polyanthus or bunch narcissi form another well-marked group, whose peculiarity of producing many flowers on the stem is indicated by the name . In these the corona is small and shallow as compared with the perianth . Some of the hardier forms, as N . Tazetta itself, the type of the group, succeed in the open
See also:borders in
See also:light well-drained soil, but the bulbs should be deeply planted, not less than 6 or 8 in. below the
See also:surface, to
See also:risk of injury from
See also:frost . Many varieties of this form of narcissus, such as
See also:Grand Monarque, Paper white, Soleil d'or, are grown . They admit of being forced into early bloom, like the hyacinth and
See also:tulip .
They vary with a white, creamy or yellow perianth, and a yellow, lemon,
See also:primrose or white cup or coronet; and, being richly fragrant, they are general favourites amongst spring flowers . Many tons of these flowers are exported from the Scilly Isles to the
See also:London markets in spring . The "
See also:Chinese sacred
See also:lily " or "
See also:joss flower " is a form of N . Tazetta . The jonquil, N . Jonquilla, with yellow flowers, a native of south Europe and Algeria, of which there are single and double flowered varieties, is also grown in pots for early flowering, but does well outside in a warm border . 5 . There remains another little group, the poet's or
See also:eye narcissi (N. poeticus), in which the perianth is large, spreading and conspicuous, and the corona very small and shallow . These pheasant's-eye narcissi, of which there are several well-marked varieties, as radii/lams, poetarum, recurvus, &c., blossom in succession during April and May, and all do well in the open borders as permanent
See also:hardy bulbs . N. biflorus, the primrose peerless, a two-flowered whitish yellow-cupped species, equally hardy and easy of culture, is a natural hybrid between N. poeticus and Tazetta . N. gracilis, a yellow-flowered species, has also been regarded as a hybrid between N . Tazetta and N. juncifolius, and blooms later .
See also:late years some remarkably fine hybrids have been raised between the various distinct groups of narcissi, and the prices asked for the bulbs in many cases are exceedingly high . One of the most distinct groups is that known under the name of " Poetaz "—a combination of poeticus and Tazetta . The best forms of poeticus ornatus have been crossed with the bunch-flowered Tazettas, and have resulted in producing varieties with large trusses of exquisite flowers more or less resembling the ornatus parents, and varying in
See also:colour from the purest white to yellow, the rim of the corona being in most cases conspicuously and charmingly coloured with red or
See also:crimson . This is an excellent group for cutting purposes, but it will take a few more years to make the varieties
See also:common . For an account of the
See also:history and culture of the narcissus see F . W . Burbidge, The Narcissus (1875) ; a more
See also:recent scientific treatment of the genus will be found in J . G .
See also:Baker's Handbook of A-marvllideae (1888); see also
See also:Dictionary of Gardening (1886) ; and J . Weathers,
See also:Guide to Garden Plants (1901) .
SIR JOHN NARBOROUGH (d. 1688)
NARCOTICS (Gr. vapKmnKbs, making numb)
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