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NAULETTE

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Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 278 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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NAULETTE, a large cavern on the left bank of the Lesse, which joins the Meuse above Dinant, Belgium. Here in 1866 Edouard Dupont discovered an imperfect human lower jaw, . now in the Brussels Natural History Museum. It is of a very ape-like type in its extreme projection and that of the teeth sockets (teeth themselves lost), with canines very strong and large molars increasing in size backward. It was found associated with the remains of mammoth, rhinoceros and reindeer. The Naulette man is now assigned to the Mousterian Epoch. See G. de Mortillet, Le Prehistorique (1900) ; E. Dupont, Etude sur les fouilles scientifiques executies pendant l'hiver (1865–1866), p. 21. NAUMACHIA, the Greek word denoting a naval battle (vans, ship, and µ6.x17, battle), used by the Romans as a term for a mimic sea-fight. These entertainments took place in the amphitheatre, which was flooded with water, or in specially constructed basins (also called naumachiae). The first on record, representing an engagement between a Tyrian and an Egyptian fleet, was given by Julius Caesar (46 B.C.) on a lake which he constructed in the Campus Martins. In 2 B.C. Augustus, at the dedication of the temple of Mars Ultor, exhibited a naumachia between Athenians and Persians, in a basin probably in the horti Caesaris, where subsequently Titus gave a representation of a sea-fight between Corinth and Corcyra. In that given by Claudius (A.D. 52) on the lacus Fucinus, 19,000 men dressed as Rhodians and Sicilians manoeuvred and fought. The crews consisted of gladiators and condemned criminals; in later times, even of volunteers. See L. Friedlander in J. Marquardt, Romische Staatsverwaltung, iii. (1885) p. 558.
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