Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 278 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GEORG AMADEUS CARL FRIEDRICH NAUMANN (1797-1873), German mineralogist and geologist, was born at Dresden on the 3oth of May 1797, the son of a distinguished musician and composer. He received his early education at Pforta, studied at Freiberg under Werner, and afterwards at Leipzig and Jena. He graduated at Jena, and was occupied in 1823 in teaching in that town and in 1824 at Leipzig. In 1826 he succeeded Mohs as professor of crystallography, in 1835 he became professor also of geognosy at Freiberg; and in 1842 he was appointed professor of mineralogy and geognosy in the university of Leipzig. At Freiberg he was charged with the preparation of a geological map of Saxony, which he carried out with the aid of Bernhard von Cotta in 1846. He was a man- of encyclopaedic knowledge, lucid and fluent as a teacher. Early in life (1821–1822) he travelled in Norway-, and his observations on that country, and his subsequent publications on crystallography, mineralogy and geology established his reputation. He was awarded the Wollaston Medal by the Geological Society of London in 1868. He died at Leipzig on the 26th of November 1873. He published Beitrage zur Kenntniss Norwegens (2 vols., 1824) ; Lehrbuch der Mineralogie (1828); Lehrbuch der reinen and angewandten Krystallographie (2 vols. and atlas, 183o) ; Elemente der Mineralogie (1846; ed. 9, 1874; the loth ed. 'by F. Zirkel, 1877); Lehrbuch der Geognosie (2 vols. and atlas, 1849-1854, ed. 2, 1858-1872).

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