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Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 321 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOACHIM NEANDER (1650–1680), German hymnwriter, was born at Bremen. The family name, originally Neumann, had, according to the prevailing fashion a century earlier, been Graecized as Neander. After studying at Heidelberg and Frankfort, where he formed friendships with Friedrich Spanheim (1632–1701) and Philipp Jakob Spener (1635–1705), he settled at Dusseldorf as rector of the Latin school in connexion with the Reformed Church. In 1676 he incurred church censure for abstaining and inducing others to abstain from joining in the celebration of the communion. It was during the term of Kirche, and in 1837 his Das Leben Jesu Christi, in seinem geschichtlichen Zusammenhang and seiner geschichtlichen Entwickelung, called forth by the famous Life of David Strauss. In addition to all these he published Denkwurdigkeiten aus der Geschichte des Christentums (1823-1824, 2 vols., 1825, 3 vols., 1846); Das Eine and Mannichfaltige des christlichen Lebens (184o) ; papers on Plotinus, Thomas Aquinas, Theobald Thamer, Blaise Pascal, J. H. Newman, Blanco White and T. Arnold, and other occasional pieces (Kleine Gelegenheitsschriften,1829), mainly of a practical, exegetical and historical character. He died on the 14th of July '85o, worn out and nearly blind with incessant study. After his death a succession of volumes, representing his various courses of lectures, appeared (1856-1864), in addition to lie Lectures on the History of Dogma (Theologische Vorlesungen), admirable in spirit and execution, which were edited by J. L. Jacobi in 1857. his suspension from his teaching office that many of his hymns were written. He ultimately renounced his connexion with the separatists, and in 1679 returned to Bremen as one of the preachers of St Martin's church. In the same year he published the Bundeslieder and Dank psalmen, a collection of 71 hymns, of which many are still in use. He died on the 31St of May '680. The Neanderthal, near Dusseldorf, takes its name from him. For his place in hymnology see HYMNS. See J. F. Iken, Joachim Neander, sein Leben and seine Lieder (188o).
End of Article: JOACHIM NEANDER (1650–1680)
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