NEUQUEN , an inland territory of
See also:Argentina on the Chilean frontier, between the
See also:Colorado and Limay
See also:rivers, with the province of
See also:Mendoza on the N. and the territory of Rio
See also:Negro on the E. and S .
See also:Area, 42,345 sq. m . Pop . (1895) 14,517; (1904, estimate) 18,022 . The greater
See also:part of the territory is mountainous, with fertile, well-watered valleys and valuable forests . The eastern part, however, contains large barren plains, showing some stunted vegetation, and having numerous saline deposits . Long drouths prevail in this , region and there is no inducement for settlement, the nomadic
See also:Indians visiting it only on their
See also:hunting expeditions . Guanacos and
See also:hares are found in abundance in Neuquen, and to a lesser degree the South
See also:ostrich . The Neuquen, which unites with the Limay near the 68th meridian to
See also:form the Rio Negro, is the
See also:river of the territory . The largest of a
See also:group of beautiful lakes in the higher Andean valleys is the celebrated Nahuel-Huapi (Lion Grass), which is nearly 5o m. long from E. to W. and about 20 M. from N. to S. at its widest part, and which lies partly in the S.W.
See also:angle of the territory, partly in Rio Negro, and partly in the republic of Chile . It is the source of the Rio Limay and receives the overflow from two smaller neighbouring lakes . The temperature of the Andean region is
See also:cold even in summer, but on the
See also:lower plains it is hot in summer, and only moderately cold in winter .
See also:industry is the raising of stock for the Chilean markets, as there is little cultivation . Cereals,
See also:forage crops, vegetables and fruits of the cold temperate zone can be produced easily, but distance from markets and lack of transport have restricted their production to
See also:local needs . The territory is reached by a
See also:light-draft river steamer which ascends the Rio Negro to Fort Roca at the confluence of the Limay and Neuquen, and by a branch of the
See also:Southern railway from
See also:Bahia Blanca to the same point . The population is concentrated in a few small towns on the rivers and in some colonies, established by the
See also:government to check Chilean invasions, in the fertile districts of the
See also:Andes . A majority of the population, however, is of Chilean origin . The capital is Chos Alalal, a small
See also:town on the upper Neuquen, in the mountainous
See also:district in the
See also:northern part of the territory .
NEURALGIA (Gr. veiipov, nerve, and iXyos, pain)
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