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NEUSALZ

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Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 441 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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NEUSALZ, a town of Germany, in the Prussian province of Silesia, on the Oder, 20 M. by rail N.W. of Glogau. Pop. (19o5) Roman Catholics. The chief industries are tanning, dyeing and the manufacture of damask, linen, woollen stuffs, leather and beer. In 1745, 1760 and 1779 engagements between the Austrians and Prussians took place near Neustadt, which on the last occasion was bombarded and set on fire. See Weitzel, Geschichte der Stadt Neustadt (Neustadt, 1870). NEUSTADT-AN-DER-HAARDT, a town of Germany, in the Bavarian Palatinate, picturesquely situated under the eastern slope of the Haardt Mountains and at the mouth of the valley of the Speyerbach, 14 M. W. of Spires, and at the junction of railway lines to Worms, Weissenburg and Monsheim. Pop. (19os) 18,576. It has four churches, two Evangelical and two Roman Catholic. The Protestant abbey church, a fine Gothic edifice dating from the 14th century, contains the tombs of several of the counts palatine of the Rhine. The Roman Catholic Ludwigskirche is a modern Gothic structure. The chief industries of the town are cloth, paper, furniture, soap, starch and hats. It has also breweries and distilleries. A brisk trade is carried on in wood, grain, fruit and wine, all of which are extensively produced in the vicinity. Neustadt, which became a town in 1275, is one of the centres of the Rhenish " grape-cure," and thus attracts numerous visitors. NEU-STETTIN, a town of Germany, in the Prussian province of Pomerania, on the small Streitzig lake, 90 in. by rail N.E. of Stettin, at the junction of railways to Belgard, Posen and Stolpmunde. Pop. (1905) 10,785. Its industries are iron-founding, dyeing, brewing and the manufacture of machinery, soap and matches. There is a considerable trade in cattle, grain and other agricultural produce, and in timber and spirits. Neu-Stettin was founded in 1313 by Wratislaus, duke of Pomerania, on the model of Stettin, See Wilcke, Chronik der Stadt Neu-Stettin (Neu-Stettin, 1862) ; and F. W. Kasiski, Beschreibung der vaterlandischen Alterthumer in Neu-Stettin (Danzig, 1881). NEU-STRELITZ, a town of Germany, capital of the grand-duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, situated between two small lakes, the Zierker See and the Glambecker See, 6o m. N. of Berlin, on the railway to Stralsund, at the junction of lines to Warnemtinde and Buschhof. Pop. (1905) 11,656. It is built in the form of a star, the eight rays converging on a market-place adorned with a statue of the grand-duke George (d. 186o). The ducal residence is a handsome edifice in a pseudo-classical style, with a library of 75,000 volumes, and collections of coins and antiquities. Other buildings are the churches (two Evangelical and one Roman Catholic), the Carolinum (a large hospital), the town hall, the barracks, the gymnasium and the theatre. Its manufactures are iron-ware, machinery, pottery, beer and mineral waters. Its trade, chiefly in corn, meal and timber, is facilitated by the Zierker See and by a canal connecting the town with the Havel and the Elde. About 11 m. to the south lies Alt-Strelitz, the former capital of the duchy, a small town the inhabitants of which are employed in the manufacture of tobacco, leather and wax candles. Neu-Strelitz was not founded till 1726. In the vicinity is the chateau of Hohen-Zieritz, where Queen Louise of Prussia died in 181o.
End of Article: NEUSALZ
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