See also:sect called " the
See also:Family of Love," was
See also:born in 1501 or 1502, at Munster, where he was married and carried on the business of a
See also:mercer . As a boy he was subject to visions, and at the age of twenty-seven charges of
See also:heresy led to his imprisonment . About 1530 he removed with his family to Amsterdam, where he was again imprisoned on a
See also:charge of complicity in the Munster revolution of 1534-1535 . About 1539 he experienced a
See also:call to found his " Familia Caritatis." Removing to Embden, he lived there and prospered in business for twenty years, though he travelled with commercial as well as missionary
See also:objects into the
See also:Netherlands, England and elsewhere . The date of his sojourn in England has been placed as early as 1552 and as
See also:late as 1569 . In 1579 he was living at Cologne, where probably he died a
See also:year or two later . His doctrines seem to have been derived largely from the Dutch Anabaptist
See also:Joris or
See also:George, who died in 1556; but they have mainly to be inferred from the jaundiced accounts of hostile writers . The outward trappings of his
See also:system were merely Anabaptist; but he anticipated a
See also:good many later speculations, and his followers were accused of asserting that all things were ruled by nature and not directly by
See also:God, of denying the
See also:dogma of the Trinity, and repudiating
See also:baptism . They held that no man should be put to
See also:death for his opinions, and apparently, like the later
See also:Quakers, they objected to the carrying of arms and to anything like an
See also:oath; and they were quite impartial in their repudiation of all other churches and sects, including Brownists and Barrowists .
See also:disciple in England was one Christopher Vitel, and towards 1579 the progress of the sect especially in the eastern counties provoked
See also:literary attacks, proclamations and
See also:parliamentary bills . But Nicholas's followers escaped the gallows and the stake, for they combined with some success the wisdom of the serpent and the harmlessness of the dove . They would only discuss their doctrines with sympathizers; they showed every respect for authority, and considered outward conformity a
See also:duty .
This quietist attitude, while it saved them from molestation, hampered propaganda; and though the " Family " existed until the
See also:middle of the 17th century, it was then swallowed up by the Quakers,
See also:Baptists and Unitarians, all of which de-nominations may have derived some of their ideas through the " Family " from the Anabaptists . The
See also:list of Nicholas's
See also:works occupies nearly six columns in the
See also:Diet . Nat . Biogr . See also Belfort Bax, Rise and Fall of the Anabaptists, pp . 327-380 (1903) ; and
See also:Strype's Works, General
See also:Index . (A . F .
NICHOLAS (1841– )
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