See also:English writer on natural philosophy, was
See also:born in
See also:London in 1753, and after leaving school made two voyages as
See also:midshipman in the East India service . He subsequently entered an
See also:office, but, having become acquainted, in 1775, with Josiah
See also:Wedgwood. he lived for some years at Amsterdam as
See also:agent for the sale of pottery . On his return to England he was induced by
See also:Holcroft to devote himself to the composition of
See also:light literature for
See also:periodicals, assisting that writer also with some of his plays and novels . Meanwhile he employed himself on the preparation of An Introduction to Natural Philosophy, which was published in 1781 and was at once successful . A
See also:translation of Voltaire's Elements of the Newtonian Philosophy soon followed, and he now entirely devoted himself to scientific pursuits and philosophical journalism . In 1784 he was appointed secretary to the General Chamber of Manufacturers of
See also:Great Britain, and he was also connected with the Society for the Encouragement of
See also:Naval Architecture, established in 1791 . He bestowed much
See also:attention upon the construction of various
See also:machines for
See also:file-making, cylinder printing, &c.; he also invented an areometer . In 1800 he began in London a course of public lectures on natural philosophy and chemistry, and about this
See also:period he made the
See also:discovery of the decomposition of
See also:water by the voltaic current . In 1797 the Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry and the Arts, generally known as
See also:Nicholson's Journal, the earliest
See also:work of the kind in Great Britain, was begun; it was carried on till 1814 . During the later years of his
See also:life Nicholson's attention was chiefly directed to waterworks
See also:engineering at Portsmouth, at
See also:Gosport and in
See also:Southwark . He died in London on the 21st of May 1815 . Besides considerable contributions to the Philosophical Trans-actions, Nicholson wrote
See also:translations of Fourcroy's Chemistry (1787) and Chaptal's Chemistry (1788), First Principles of Chemistry (1788) and a Chemical
See also:Dictionary (1795) ; he also edited the
See also:Encyclopaedia, or Dictionary of Arts and Sciences (6 vols., 8vo, London, 1809) .
JOHN NICHOLSON (1822-18J7)
WILLIAM NICHOLSON (1784-1844)
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