Online Encyclopedia

NIKAYA (" collection ")

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 689 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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NIKAYA (" collection "), the name of a division of the Buddhist canonical books. There are four principal Nikayas, making together the Sutta Pitaka (" Basket of Discourses "), the second of the three baskets into which the canon is divided. The fifth or miscellaneous Nikaya is by some authorities added to this Pitaka, by others to the next. The first two Nikayas, called respectively Digha and Majjhima (Longer and Shorter), form one book, a collection of the dialogues of the Buddha, the longer ones being included in the former, the shorter ones in the latter. The third, called the Anguttara (Progressive Addition), rearranges the doctrinal matter contained in the Dialogues in groups of ethical concepts, beginning with the units, then giving the pairs, then the The text of the Dialogues fills about 2000 pages 8vo in the edition prepared for the Pali Text Society, of which five vols. out of six had been published in 1909, and the first had been translated into English. The Samyulta, of about the same size, and the Anguttara, which is a little smaller, have both been edited. Of the twenty-two miscellaneous books twenty .have been edited (see Rhys Davids, American Lectures (1896), pp. 66-79), five have been translated into English and two more into German. See Digha Nikaya, ed. Rhys Davids and Carpenter (3 vols.); Samyulta Nikaya (5 vols.), ed. Leon Feer, vol. vi. by Mrs Rhys Davids, containing indices; Anguttara Nikaya, ed. R. Morris and E. Hardy (5 vols.) ; all published by the Pali Text Society. Also Rhys Davids, Dialogues of the Buddha, vol. i. (Oxford, 1899) ; A. J. Edmunds, " Buddhist Bibliography," in Journal of the Pali Text Society (1903), pp. 5-12. (T. W. R. D.)
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