Online Encyclopedia

NIRIZ

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 709 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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NIRIZ, or NAIxiz, a district and town in the province of Fars, Persia. The district has 24 villages and extends from near Istahbamat, south of the Bakhtegan lake, to about 50 M. E. Water is scarce and the plain is not much cultivated in con-sequence. The produce consists of some grain, cotton, tobacco, &c., but fruit is more abundant. Here, as in the neighbouring Darab district, villages situated in the hills are called madan (mine), and some travellers have in their itineraries indicated a mine in localities where there is none. ' It has also been pointed out that the employment of the sign PI for wa and the use of z for s, cited in support of the earlier date, survived in the Kassite period. The town of NTxiz is situated in a plain 7 M. from the south-eastern point of the lake, and about 130 M. from Shiraz, and has a population of about goon. The people of Niriz were stanch followers of the Bab (see BABIISM), and rose against the government in 185o and in 1852, with disastrous results. Niriz was formerly known for its manufactureof steel from iron ore brought from Parpa, 40 M. E.
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