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NORRKOPING

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Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 758 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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NORRKOPING, a town and port of Sweden, in the district (lan) ment with many airy entertainments as poetry, writing essays, of ' Ostergotland, 113 m. S.W. of Stockholm by the Malmo building, making mottoes and inscriptions as well as in music" 2 railway. Pop. (188o) 26,735; (1900) 41,008. It occupies both He wrote A Forest of Varieties (1645), a miscellany of essays and banks of the Motala, the wide and rapid emissary of lake Vetter, poems, another edition of which was published in 1659 under close to its outlet in the Bravik, an inlet of the Baltic. Having the title of A Forest promiscuous of various Seasons' Productions. been burned by the Russians in 1719 and visited by further He died on the 16th of January 1666. North is described as fires in 1812, 1822 and 1826, the whole town has a modern " full of spirit and flame," of imperious temper but of well-appearance, with wide and regular streets. Among the more balanced judgment, Lord Holland declaring that " he knew no conspicuous buildings are St Olaf's church (erected by Gustavus man less swayed with passion and sooner carried with reason and Adolphus in 1616 and rebuilt in 1765-1767); $t Hedvig's, justice." He left, besides one daughter, two sons, the elder of built by the German colony in 167o; the town hall, dating from whom, Sir Dudley, succeeded him as 4th Baron North. the beginning of the 19th century; the high school (1868), and DUDLEY NORTH, 4th Baron North (1602-1677), increased technical and weaving schools. Norrkoping is the fourth town the family fortune by marrying the daughter of Sir Charles in population and industrial importance in Sweden. The falls Montagu, brother of the 1st earl of Manchester. He was an in the river afford motive power to the cloth and cotton mills accomplished man, of studious bent, and had fourteen children, (spinning and weaving)—the staple industries—and to factories of whom the third son, Francis, became lord chancellor as for sugar, paper, lithography, tobacco and carpets, joinery Lord Guilford; the fourth was Sir Dudley North (q.v.), the works and breweries. There are also shipbuilding yards and economist; the fifth, John (1645-1683), master of Trinity, docks. Fine granite is quarried at Grafversfors, 72 M. N. The Cambridge, and professor of Greek in the university; and the inlet of Bravik affords excellent harbour accommodation, with sixth, Roger (q.v.), the lawyer and historian. from 33 ft. to 172 ft. of water below the bridges in the town. The eldest son, Charles (d. 1691), was created Lord Grey The town returns two members to the second chamber of the of Rolleston during his father's life, and succeeded his father Riksdag (parliament). as 5th Baron North; and on the death of his son, William, A bull of Pope Lucius III. shows that Norrkoping existed in 6th Lord North, without issue, in 1734, the barony of North 1185. At the meeting of the states in 1604 Duke Charles assumed went to a cousin, Francis North, 3rd baron, afterwards 1st the Swedish crown as Charles IX.; and not long afterwards earl of Guilford. The title of Lord North is that by which the Duke John of Ostergotland introduced German craftsmen into 2nd earl of Guilford, prime minister from 1770 to 1782, is best Norrkoping, and thus originated its industrial activity. Under known in history (see GUILFORD, BARONS AND EARLS OF). Charles XII. the town suffered not only from war but from George Augustus, 3rd earl of Guilford (d. 1802), left three pestilence, 2700 of its inhabitants perishing in 1710-1711. daughters, and the barony of North fell into abeyance till 1841 After the Russian invasion of 1719 the population was only when it vested in Susan, Baroness North (1797-1884), wife of 2600. John Sidney Doyle, who took the name of North; at her death
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