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NORTHERN

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Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 402 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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NORTHERN EUROPE 1530. Aalborg, almost entirely destroyed. 1541. Aarhuus, almost entirely destroyed, and again in 1556. 1624. Opslo, nearly destroyed. Christiania was built on the site. 1702. Bergen, greater part of the town destroyed. 1728. Copenhagen, nearly destroyed. 165o heusesburned, 77 streets, 1794. „ royal palace with contents burned. 1795. 5o streets, 1563 houses burned. 1751. Stockholm, moo houses destroyed. 1759. 250 houses burned. Loss, 2,000,000 crowns. 1775. Abo, 200 houses and 15 mills burned. 1827. ,, 780 houses burned, with the university. 1790. Carlsc ona, 1087 houses, churches, warehouses, &c., destroyed. 1802. Gothenburg, 178 houses burned. 1858. Christiania. Loss estimated at £250,000. 1865. Carlstadt (Sweden), everything burned except the bishop's residence, hospital and jail. to lives lost. RUSSIA 1736. St Petersburg, 2000 houses burned. 1862. „ great fire. Loss, £t,000,000. 1752. Moscow, 18,000 houses burned. 1812. „ The Russians fired the city on September 14 to drive out the army of Napoleon. The fire continued five days. Nine-tenths of the city was destroyed. Number of houses burned, 30,800. Loss, £30,000,000. 1753. Archangel, 900 houses burned. 1793. 3000 buildings and the cathedral burned. 1786. Tobolsk, nearly destroyed. 1788. Mitau, nearly destroyed. 1812. Riga, partly destroyed. 1834. Tula, destructive fire. 1848. Orel, large part of the town destroyed. 185o. Cracow, large part of the town burned. 1864. Novgorod, large amount of property destroyed. TURKEY The following fires have occurred at Constantinople: 1729. A great fire destroyed 12,000 houses and 7000 people. 1745. A fire lasted five days. 1750. In January, Io,o00 houses burned; in April, property destroyed estimated from £I,000,000 to £3,000,000. Later in the year Io,0o0 houses were destroyed. 1751. 4000 houses were burned. 1756. 15,000 houses and too people destroyed. During the years 1761, 1765 and 1767 great havoc was made by fire. 1769. July 17. A fire raged for twelve hours, extending nearly I m. in length. Many of the palaces, some small mosques and nearly 65o houses were destroyed. A fire lasting 15 hours consumed 2500 houses and shops. 2000 houses were burned. August 12. A fire burned three days: to,000 houses, 50 mosques and too corn mills destroyed; too lives lost. In February, 60o houses burned; in June, 7000 more. August 5. A fire burned' for 26 hours and destroyed to,000 houses, most of which had been rebuilt since the fires of 1782. In the same year, March 13, a fire in the suburb of Pera destroyed two-thirds of that quarter. Loss estimated at 2,000,000 florins. 179. Between March and July 32,000 houses are said to have been burned, and as many In 1795. 1799. In the suburb of Pera 13,000 houses were burned and many magnificent buildings. 1816. August 16. 12,000 houses and 3000 shops in the finest quarter were destroyed. 1818. August 13. A fire destroyed several thousand houses. 1826. A fire destroyed 6000 houses. 1848. 500 houses and 2000 shops destroyed. Loss estimated at £3,000,000. 1865. A great fire destroyed 2800 houses, public buildings, &c. Over 22,000 people were left homeless. 1870. June 5. The suburb of Pera, occupied by the foreign population and native Christians, was swept by a fire which destroyed over 7000 buildings, many of them among the best in the city, including the residence of the foreign legations. Loss estimated at nearly £5,000,000. 1797. Scutari, the town of 3000 houses totally destroyed. 1763. Smyrna, 2600 houses consumed. Loss, £200,000. 1772. „ 3000 dwellings burned. 3000 to 4000 shops, &c. consumed. Loss, £4,000,000. 1796. 4000 shops, mosques, magazines, &c., burned. 12,000 houses were burned. INDIA 1631. Rajmahal. Palace and great part of the town burned. 1799. Manilla, vast storehouses were burned. 1833. „ 10,000 huts were burned, March 26. 30,000 people rendered homeless, and 50 lives lost. 1803. Madras, more than moo houses burned. 1803. Bombay. Loss by fire of £600,000.
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