NUMENIUS , aGreek philosopher, of
See also:Apamea in
See also:Syria, Neo-
See also:Pythagorean and forerunner of the Neo-Platonists, flourished during the latter
See also:half of the end century A.D . He seems to have taken Pythagoras as his highest authority, while at the same
See also:time he chiefly follows
See also:Plato . He calls the latter an "Atticizing Moses." His chief divergence from Plato is the distinction between the " first
See also:god " and the " demiurge." This is probably due to the influence of the Valentinian Gnostics and the Jewish-Alexandrian philosophers (especially Philo and his theory of the
See also:Logos) . According to
See also:Proclus (Comment. in Timaeum, 93) Numenius held that there was a kind of trinity of gods, the members of which he designated as 1rarilp, 7roorris, aolruia ("
See also:father," " maker," " that which is made," i.e. the
See also:world), or 7razraos, EKyovos, 67r6yovos (which Proclus calls " exaggerated language ") . The first is the supreme deity or pure intelligence (vows), the second the creator of the world (677µtovpy6s), the third the world (KO(1µos) . His
See also:works were highly esteemed by the Neoplatonists, and Amelius is said to have composed nearly too books of commentaries upon them . Fragments of his
See also:treatises on the points of divergence between the Academicians and Plato, on the
See also:Good (in which according to
See also:Origen, Contra Celsum, iv . 51, he makes allusion to Jesus Christ), and on the mystical sayings in Plato, are preserved in the Praeparatio Evangelica of
See also:Eusebius . The fragments are collected in F . G . Mullach, Frag . Phil .
See also:Gram iii.; see also F . Thedinga, De Numenio philosopho Platonico (
See also:Bonn, 1875); Ritter and Preller, Hist . Phil . Graecae (ed . E . Wellmann, 1898), § 624-7; T . Whittaker, The Neo-Platonists (1901) .
PARTITION OF NUMBERS
NUMERAL (from Lat. numerus, a number)
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