OBERLIN , a
See also:village of
See also:Ohio, U.S.A., 34 M . W.S.W. of
See also:Cleveland . Pop . (18go) 4376; (1900) 4082 (641 ne-, groes) ; (1910) 4365 . It is served by the Lake
See also:Shore & Michigan
See also:Southern railway, and by the Cleveland & South-Western (electric) railway, which furnishes connexions directly with Cleveland and
See also:Elyria, and at the village of Wellington (about 10 m . S.) connects with the Cleveland,
See also:Cincinnati, Chicago & St
See also:Louis, and the
See also:Wheeling & Lake
See also:railways . Oberlin is primarily an educational centre, the seat of Oberlin
See also:College, named in
See also:honour of
See also:Frederic Oberlin, and open to both sexes; it embraces a college of arts and sciences, an academy, a Theological Seminary (Congregational), which has a Slavic department for the training of
See also:clergy for Slavic immigrants, and a conservatory of
See also:music . In 1909 it had twenty buildings, and a Memorial Arch of
See also:limestone, dedicated in 1903, in honour of Congregational missionaries, many of them Oberlin graduates, killed in
See also:China in 1900 . Its
See also:libraries contained in 1909 98,000 bound volumes and an equal number of
See also:pamphlets, and the college had a
See also:faculty numbering 113 and a student enrolment of 1944 . The resources of the college in 1909 were about $3,500,000 . Under the editorship of a
See also:professor emeritus is published the Bibliotheca Sacra, a quarterly founded in 1843, and for many years the
See also:organ of the
See also:Andover Theological Seminary . The village was founded as Oberlin Colony in 1833 (in 1846 it was incorporated as the village of Oberlin), by the Rev .
See also:John J . Shipherd (1802-1844), pastor of a
See also:church in Elyria, and the Rev . Philo Penfield
See also:Stewart (1798–1868), a missionary to the Choctaws of
See also:Mississippi, as a home for Oberlin Collegiate Institute, which was chartered in 1834; the name Oberlin College was adopted in 185o . To the Theological Seminary, opened in 1835, there came in the same
See also:forty students from Lane Theological Seminary in Cincinnati, after the discussion of
See also:slavery there had been forbidden by its
See also:board of trustees . A former member of the board,
See also:Mahan (1800–1889), who had strongly disapproved of the
See also:action of the trustees, came to Oberlin, and became the first
See also:president of the college . Oberlin was the first
See also:American college to adopt coeducation of sexes, and was a
See also:pioneer in
See also:America (1835) in the coeducation of the
See also:white and black races.' The village became a station on the Undergrour?d Railway, and an important centre of
See also:anti-slavery sentiment .
See also:Manual labour was adopted at first as a means for students to defray their college expenses . As
See also:late as 1906 it was estimated that nearly two-thirds of the men were to a greater or less degree self-supporting, as were many of the
See also:women . What is known as the " Oberlin
See also:Theology " (no longer identified with the college) centered in the teaching of
See also:Charles Grandison Finney (1792–1875), who became professor of theology in 1835 and was Mahan's successor in the
See also:presidency (1851–186b) . He was a powerful preacher and teacher, who broke from Calvinism in denying imputation and teaching perfect freedom of the will, by which perfect holiness might be attained . Finney carried 1 A runaway slave, Littlejohn, was taken at Oberlin in
See also:September 188 by a
See also:United States marshal, but was rescued at Wellington . Several of the rescuers, notably Professor
See also:Henry Everard
See also:Peck of Oberlin College, were arrested and were imprisoned in Cleveland for several months .
This was a famous fugitive slavecase.on remarkable revival services in Western New
See also:York, in
See also:Philadelphia (1828), in New York City (1829–183o and 1832, the New York Evangelist being founded to carry on his
See also:work), in Boston (1831, 1842–1843, 1856–18J7), in
See also:London (1849–185o) and throughout England and Scotland (1858) .
See also:Harris Fairchild (1817–1902) was president from 1866 to 1889;
See also:William Gay
See also:Ballantine (b . 1848), a distinguished
See also:scholar, was president in 1891–1896, and John Henry Barrows (1847–1902) from 1899 to 1902, when he was succeeded by Henry
See also:King (b . 1858) . The
See also:modern theological position of Oberlin college is reflected in the writings of President King and of Dean
See also:Edward I .
See also:Bosworth (b . 1861) of the Theological Seminary, especially in President King's Reconstruction in Theology (1901) ; Theology and the Social Consciousness (1902) ; The Seeming Unreality of the Spiritual
See also:Life (1908) and The
See also:Laws of Friendship—Human and . Divine (1909) . See Finney's autobiographical
See also:Memoirs (New York, 1876) ; J . H . Fairchild, Oberlin, the College and the Colony (Oberlin, 1883) ; D . L .
See also:Story of Oberlin (Boston, 1898) ; and A . T .
See also:Swing, Life of J . H . Fairchild (New York, 1907) .
ADAM ADOLF OBERLANDER (1845— )
JEAN FREDERIC OBERLIN (1740-1826)
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