Online Encyclopedia

OECUS

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 12 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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OECUS, the Latinized form of Gr. OtKOS, house, used by Vitruvius for the principal hall or saloon in a Roman house, which was used occasionally as a triclinium for banquets. When of great size it became necessary to support its ceiling with columns; thus, according to Vitruvius, the tetrastyle oecus had four columns; in the Corinthian oecus there was a row of columns on each side, virtually therefore dividing the room into nave and aisles, the former being covered over with a semi-circular ceiling. The Egyptian oecus had a similar plan, but the aisles were of less height, so that clerestory windows were introduced to light the room, which, as Vitruvius states, presents more the appearance of a basilica than of a triclinium.
End of Article: OECUS
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