See also:legend, son of Lalus,
See also:king of
See also:Thebes, and
See also:Jocasta (Iocaste) . Lalus, having been warned by an
See also:oracle that he would be killed by his son, ordered him to be exposed, with his feet pierced, immediately after his
See also:birth . Thus
See also:grew up ignorant of his parentage, and,
See also:meeting Lalus in a narrow way, quarrelled with him and slew him . The
See also:country was ravaged by a
See also:monster, the Sphinx; Oedipus solved the riddle which it proposed to its victims, freed the country, and married- his own
See also:mother . In the Odyssey it is said that the gods disclosed the impiety . Epicaste (as Jocasta is called in
See also:Homer) hanged herself, and Oedipus lived as king in Thebes tormented by the
See also:Erinyes of his mother . In the tragic poets the
See also:tale takes a different
See also:form . Oedipus fulfils an
See also:ancient prophecy in killing his
See also:father; he is the
See also:blind instrument in the hands of
See also:fate . The further treatment of the tale by
See also:Aeschylus is unknown .
See also:Sophocles describes in his Oedipus Tyrannus how Oedipus was resolved to pursue to the end the mystery of the
See also:death of LaIus, and thus unravelled the dark tale, and in horror put out his own eyes . The sequel of the tale is told in the Oedipus Coloneus . Banished by his sons, he is tended by the loving care of his daughters .
He comes to
See also:Attica and
See also:dies in the
See also:grove of the Eumenides at Colonus, in his death welcomed and pardoned by the fate which had pursued him throughout his
See also:life . In addition to the two tragedies of Sophocles, the legend formed the subject of a trilogy by Aeschylus, of which only the Seven against Thebes is extant; of the Phoenissae of
See also:Euripides; and of the Oedipus and Phoenissae of
See also:Seneca . See A . Miler's exhaustive article in Roscher's Lexikon der Mythologic; F . W . Schneidewin, Die
See also:Sage von Oedipus (1852); D . Cornparetti, Edipo e la mitologia comparata (1867); M . Brea], " Le Mythe d' Edipe," in Melanges de mythologie (1878), who explains Oedipus as a personification of
See also:light, and his
See also:blinding as the disappearance of the
See also:sun at the end of the
See also:day; J . Paulson in Eranos . Acta philologica Suecana, i, (
See also:Upsala, 1896) places the
See also:original home of the legend in
See also:Egyptian Thebes, and identifies Oedipus with the Egyptian
See also:Seth, represented as the hippopotamus " with swollen
See also:foot," which was said to kill its father in
See also:order to take its place with the mother . 0 . Crusius (Beitrage zur griechischen Mythologie, 1886, p .
See also:sees in the
See also:marriage of Oedipus with his mother an agrarian myth (with
See also:special reference to Oed .
See also:Tyr . 1497), while
See also:Hofer (in Roscher's Lexikon) suggests that the episodes of the
See also:murder of his father and of his marriage are reminiscences of the overthrow of Cronus by
See also:Zeus and of the union of Zeus with his own
See also:sister .
See also:Medieval Legends.—In the
See also:Golden Legend of Jacobus de Voragine (13th century) and the Mystere de la Passion of
See also:Jean Michel (15th century) and Arnoul Greban (15th century), the
See also:story of Oedipus is associated with the name of Judas . The
See also:main idea is the same as in the classical account . The Judas legend, however, never really became popular, whereas that of Oedipus was handed down both orally and in written
See also:national tales (Albanian, Finnish, Cypriote) . One incident (the
See also:incest unwittingly committed) frequently recurs in connexion with the life of
See also:Gregory the
See also:Great . The Theban legend, which reached its fullest development in the Thebais of Statius and in Seneca, reappeared in the
See also:Roman de Thebes (the
See also:work of an unknown imitator of Benoit de Sainte-More) . Oedipus is also the subject of an
See also:anonymous medieval
See also:romance (15th century), Le Roman d' Edipus, fils de Layus, in which the sphinx is depicted as a cunning and ferocious
See also:giant . The Oedipus legend was handed down to the
See also:period of the
See also:Renaissance by the Roman and its imitations, which then fell into oblivion . Even to the
See also:present day the legend has 1 It is probable that the story of the piercing of his feet is a subsequent invention to explain the name, or is due to a false etymology (from otais), othiiroes in reality meaning the " wise " (from oIha), chiefly in reference to his having solved the riddle, the syllable -revs having no significance . survived amongst the
See also:modern Greeks, without any traces of the influence of
See also:Christianity (B .
See also:Schmidt, Griechische Marchen, 1877) . The
See also:works of the ancient tragedians (especially Seneca, in preference to the Greek) came into vogue, and were slavishly followed by French and
See also:Italian imitators down to the 17th century . See L . Constans, La Legende d'CEdipe clans l'antiquite, au moyen age, et dans
See also:les temps modernes (1881); D .
See also:Comparetti's Edipo and Jebb's introduction for the Oedipus of
See also:Dryden, Corneille and Voltaire; A . Heintze, Gregorius auf dem Steine, der mittelalterliche Oedipus (progr.,
See also:Stolp, 1897); V . Diederichs, Russische Verwandte der Legende von Gregor auf dem Stein and der Sage von Judas Ischariot," in Russische Revue (188o); S . Novakovitch, " Die Oedipussage in der siidslavischen Volksdichtung," in Archiv fur slavische Philologie xi . (1888) .
GUSTAV FRIEDRICH OEHLER (1812-1872)
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