Online Encyclopedia

OLD AND PROVINCIAL

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V08, Page 197 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!
OLD AND PROVINCIAL.-Halliwell, London, 1844–1846, 8vo; 2nd ed. ib. 185o, 2 vols.: 6th ed. 1904: Wright, ib. 1857, 8vo, 2 vols-; 1862. DIALECTS.-Ray, ib. 1674, I2mo: Grose, ib. 1787, 8vo; 1790: Holloway, Lewes, 184o, 8vo; Wright, Eng. Dialect Diet., London, 1898-1905, 28 vols. Scotch: Jamieson, Edin. 1806, 4to, 2 vols.; Supplement, 1826, 2 vols.; abridged by Johnstone, ib. 1846, 8vo: Brown,Edin, 1845, 8vo : Motherby(German), Konigsberg, 1826-1828, 8vo: (Shetland and Orkney), Edmonston, London, 1866, 8vo: (Banffshire), Gregor, ib. 1866, 8vo. North Country: Brockett, London, 1839, 8vo, 2 vols. Berkshire: [Lousley] ib. 1852, 8vo, Cheshire: Wilbraham, lb. 1817, 4t0; 1826, I2mo: Leigh, Chester, 1877, 8vo. Cumberland: Glossary, ib. 1851, I2mo: Dickenson, Whitehaven, 1854, I2mo; Supplement, 1867: Ferguson (Scandinavian Words), London, 1856, 8vo. Derbyshire: Hooson (mining), Wrexham, 1747, 8vo: Sleigh, London, 1865, 8vo. Dorset: Barnes, Berlin, 1863, 8vo. Durham: [Dinsdale] (Teesdale), London, 1849, I2mo. Gloucestershire: Huntley (Cotswold), ib. 1868, 8vo. Hereford-shire: [Sir George Cornewall Lewis,] London, 1839, I2mo. Lancashire: Nodal and Milner, Manchester Literary Club, 1875, 8vo, Morris (Furness), London, 1869, 8vo: R. B. Peacock (Lonsdale, North and South of the Sands), ib. 1869, 8vo. Leicestershire: A. B. Evans, ib. 1848, 8vo. Lincolnshire: Brogden, ib. 1866, I2mo: Peacock (Manley & Corringham), ib. 1877, 8vo. Norfolk and Suffolk: Forby, London, 1830, 8vo, 2 vols. Northamptonshire: Sternberg, ib. 1851, 8vo: Miss Anne E. Baker, ib. 1866, 8vo, 2 vols. 868 pages. Somersetshire: Jennings, ib. 1869, 8vo: W. P. Williams and W. A. Jones, Taunton, 1873, 8vo. Suffolk: Moor, Woodbridge, 1823, I2mo: Bowditch (Surnames), Boston, U.S., 1851, 8vo; 1858; 3rd ed. London, 1861, 8vo, 784 pages. Sussex: Cooper, Brighton, 1836, 8vo: Parish, Farncombe, 1875, 8vo. Wiltshire: Akerman, London, 1842, I2mo. Yorkshire (North and East), Toone, lb. 1832, 8vo: (Craven), Carr, 2nd ed. London, 1828, 8vo, 2 vols.: (Swaledale), Harland, ib. 1873, 8vo: (Cleveland), Atkinson, ib. 1868, 4to, 653 pages: (Whitby) [F. K. Robinson], ib. 1876, 8vo: (Mid-Yorkshire and Lower Niddersdale), C. Clough Robinson, ib. 1876, 8vo: (Leeds), Id.,. ib. 1861, I2mo: (Wakefield); Banks, ib. 1865, 16mo: (Hallam-shire), Hunter, London, 1829, 8VO. Ireland: (Forth and Bargy, Co. Wexford), Poole, London, 1867, 8vo. America: Pickering, Boston, 1816, 8vo: Bartlett, New York, 1848, 8vo; 3rd ed. Boston,- 186o. 8vo; I Dutch transl. by Keijzer, Gorinchen, 1854, I2mo; Germ. trans!. by Kohler, Leipz. 1868, 8vo. Elwyn, Philadelphia, 1859. 8vo. Negro English: Kingos, St Croix, 1770, 8vo: Focke (Dutch), Leiden, 1855, 8vo: Wullschlaegel, Lobau, 1856, 8vo. 350 pages. SLANG.-Grose, London, 1785, 8vo; 1796: Hotten, ib. 1864, 8vo; 1866; Farmer & Henley (7 vols., 1890–1904). Frisic.—Wassenbergh, Leeuwarden, 1802, 8vo: Franeker, 1806, 8vo: Outzen, Kopenh. 1837, 4to: Hettema (Dutch), Leuwarden, 1832, 8vo; 1874, 8vo, 607 pages: Winkler (Nederdeutsch en Friesch Dialectikon), 's Gravenhage, 1874, 8vo, 2 vols. 1025 pages. OLD FRISIC.—Wiarda (Germ.), Aurich, 1786, 8vo: Richthofen, Gottingen, 1840, 4tO. NORTH FRISIC.—Bendson (Germ.), Leiden, 186o, 8vo: Johansen (Fohringer and Amrumer Mundart), Kiel, 1862, 8vo. EAST FRISK.-Stllrenburg, Aurich, 1857, 8vo. HELIGOLAND.-Oelrichs, s. 1., 1836, 16mo. Dutch.-Kok, 2nd ed. Amst. 1785-1798, 8vo, 38 vols.: Weiland, Amst. 1790–1811, 8vo, II vols.: Harrebomee, Utrecht, 1857, 4to; 1862–1870, 8vo, 3 vols.: De Vries and Te Winkel, Gravenh. 1864, &c., 4to (new ed. 1882- ) ; Dale, ib. 4th ed. 1898; ENGLISH.—Hexham, ed. Manley, Rotterdam, 1675–1678, ¢to: Holtrop, Dortrecht, 1823–1824, 8vo, 2 vols.: Bomhoff, Nimeguen, 1859, 8vo, 2 vols. 2323 pages: Jaeger, Gouda, 1862, 16mo: Calisch, Tie!, 1871, &c., 8vo. FRENCH.—Halma, Amst. 1710, 4t0; 4th ed. 1761: Marin, ib. 1793, 4to, 2 vols.: Winkelman, lb. 1793, 4to, 2 vols.: Mook, Zutphen, 1824-1825, 8vo, 4vols. ; Gouda, 1857, 8vo, 2 vols. 2818 pages : Kramers, lb. 1859–1862, 2 vols. 16mo. GERMAN.—Kramer, Numb. 1719, fol.; 1759, 4to, 2 vols.; ed. Titius, 1784, Weiland, Haag, 1812, 8vo: Terwen, Amst. 1844, 8vo. ETYMOLOGY.—Franck, 1884–1892. ORIENTAL WORDS.-DOZy, 's Gravenhage, 1867, 8vo. GENDERS OF Nouxs.-Bilderdijk, Amst. 1822, 8vo, 2 VOLS. SPELLING.-Id., 's Gravenhage, 1829, 8vo. FREQUENTATIVES.—De Jager, Gouda, 1875, 8vo, vol. i. OLD DUTCH.—Suringer, Leyden, 1865, 8vo. MIDDLE DUTCH.—De Vries, 's Gravenhage, 1864, &c., 4to. Verwijs and Verdam, ib. 1885- . Flemish.-Kilian, Antw. 1511, 8vo; ed. Hasselt, Utrecht, 1777, 4to, 2 vols. FRENCH.-Berlemont, Anvers, 1511, 4to: Meurier, ib. 1557, 8vo: Rouxell and Halma, Amst. 1708, 4to; 6th ed. 1821: Van de Velde and Sleeckx, Brux. 1848–1851, 8vo, 2440 pages; ib 1860, 8vo, 2 VOIS. ANCIENT NAMES OF PLACES.—Grandgagnage (East Belgium), Bruxelles, 1889, 8vo. German.—Josua Pictorius (Maaler), Die tefitsch Spraach, Tiguri, 1561, 8vo; Stieler, Mirth. 1691, 4to: Adelung, Leipz. 1774-1786, 4to, 5 vols.; 1793-1818, 5 vols.: Campe, Braunschweig, 1807-1811, 4to, 5 vols.: Grimm, Leipzig, 1854, &c., 4to: Sanders, ib. 186o-1865, 4t0, 3 vols. 1885: Diefenbach and Wulcker (High and Low German, to supplement Grimm), Frankf. a. M. 1874, 1885, 8vo.; Kluge, Strassburg, 1883; Heine, Leipzig, 1890-1895; Weigand, Giessen, 1873. ENGLIsH.—Adelung, 1783-1796, 8vo, 3 vols.: Hilpert, Karlsruhe, 1828-1829, 8vo, 2 vols. ; 1845-1846, 4t0, 2 vols.: Fliigel, Leipz. 183o, 8vo, 2 vols. ; London, 1857, 8vo; Leipzig, 187o: Muller, G5then, 1867, 8vo, 2 vols. FRENCH.—Laveaux, Strassburg, 1812, 4to: Mozin, Stuttgard, 1811-1812, 4to, 4vols.; 1842-1846, 8vo, q vols., 3rd ed. 1850—1851, 8vo: Schuster, Strasb. 1859, 8vo: Daniel, Paris, 1877, 16mo. OLD HIGH GERMAN.—Haltaeus, Lipsiae, 1758, fol. 2 vols.: Graff, Berlin, 1834-1846, 4t0, 7 vols.: Brinckmeier, Gotha, 1850—1863, 4to, 2 vols.: Kehrein (from Latin records), Nordhausen, 1863, 8vo. Schade, Halle, 1872-1882. MIDDLE HIGH GERMAN. —Ziemann, Quedlinburg, 1838, 8vo: Benecke, Muller and Zarnche, Leipz. 1854-1866, 8vo, 3 vols.: Lexer, Leipzig, 1870, 8vo. MIDDLE Low GERMAN.—Schiller and Lubben, Bremen, 1872, &c_., 8vo, in progress. Low GERMAN.—Vollbeding, Zerbst, 1806, 8vo: Kosegarten, Griefswald, 1839, 4t0; 1856, &c., 4to. ETYMOLOGY.—Helvigius, Hanov. 162o, 8vo: Wachter, Lipsiae, 1137, fol. 2 vols.: Kaindl, Salzbach, 1815-1830, 8vo, 7 vols.: Heyse, Magdeburg, 1843-1849, 8vo, 3 vols.: Kehrein, Wiesbaden, 1847-1852, 2 V01S. SYNONYMS. —Eberhard, Maas, and Gruber, 4th ed. Leipzig, 1852-1863, 8vo, 4 vols.: Aue (Engl.), Edinb.1836, 8vo: Eberhard, Ilthed. Berlin, 1854, I2mo: Sanders, Hamburg, 1872, 8vo, 743 pages. FOREIGN WORDS. —Campe, Braunschweig, 1813, 4t0: Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, Hannover, 1848, 8vo. NAMES.—POtt. Leipz. 1853, 8vo: Michaelis (Taufnamen), Berlin, 1856, 8vo: Forstemann (Old Germ.) Nordhausen, 1856-1859, 4t0, 2 vols. 1573 pages, 12,000 names: Steub (Oberdeutschen), Munchen, 1871, 8vo. LUTHER.—DietZ, Leipzig, 1869-1872, 8vo, 2 vols. DIALEcTs.—Popowitsch, Wien, 178o, 8vo: Fulda, Berlin, 1788, 8vo: Klein, Frankf. 1792, 8vo, 2 vols.: Kaltschmidt, Nordlingen, 1851, 4t0; 1854, 5th ed. 1865. Aix-la-Chapelle, Muller and Weitz, Aachen, 1836, I2mo. Appenzell: Tobler, Zurich, 1837, 8vo. Austria: Hofer, Linz, 1815, 8vo; Castelli, Wien, 1847, I2mo: Scheuchenstul (mining), ib. 1856, 8vo. Bavaria: Zaupser, Munchen, 1789, 8vo: Deling, ib. 182o, 2 vols.: Schmeller, Stuttg. 1827-1837, 8vo, 4 vols. ; 2nd ed. Mi nchen, 1872, 4to, vol. 1. 1799 pages. Berlin: Trachsel, Berlin, 1873, 8vo. Bremen: Bremisch Deutsch Gesellschaft, Bremen, 1767-1771, 1869, 8vo, 6 vols. Oelrich (anc. statutes), Frankf. a. M. 1767, 8vo. Carinthia: Ueberfelder, Klagenfurt, 1862, 8vo: Lexe, Leipzig, 1862, 8vo. Cleves: De Schueren, Teuthonista, Colon, 1477, fol.; Leiden, 1804, 4to. Gottingen: Schambach, Hannover, 1838, 8vo. Hamburg: Richey, Hamb. 1873, 4to; 1755, 8vo. Henneberg: Reinwold, Berlin and Stettin, 1793, 18oI, 8vo, 2 vols.: Bruckner, Meiningen, 1843, 4to. Hesse: Vilmar, Marburg, 1868, 8vo, 488 pages. Holstein: Schutz Hamb. 1800—1806, 8vo, 4 vols. Hungary: Schoer, Wien, 1858. Livonia: Bergmann, Salisburg, 1785, 8vo: Gutzeit, Riga, 1859-1864, 8vo, 2 parts. Upper Lusatia: Anton, Gorlitz, 1825-1839, 13 parts. Luxembourg: Gangler, Lux. 1847, 8vo, 406 pages. Mecklenburg and Western Pomerania: M., Leipzig, 1876, 8vo, 114 pages. Nassau: Kehrein, Weilburg, 186o, 8vo. Osnaburg: Strodtmann, Leipz. 1756, 8vo. Pomerania and Riigen: Dahnert, Stralsund, 1781, 4to. Posen: Bernd, Bonn, 182o, 8vo. Prussia: Bock, Konigsb. 1759, 8vo: Hennig, ib. 1785, 8vo. Saxony. Schmeller (from Heliand, &c.), Stuttg. 1840, 4to. Silesia: Berndt, Stendal, 1787, 8vo. Swabia: Schmid, Berlin, 1795, 8vo; Stuttg. 1831, 8vo. Switzerland: Stalder, Aarau, 1807-1813, 8vo, 2 vols. Thuringia: Keller, Jena, 1819, 8vo. Transylvania: Schuller, Prag, 1865, 8vo. Tirol: Schopf, Innspruck, 1866, 8vo. Venetian Alps: Schmeller, Wien, 1854, 8vo. Vienna: Hugel, ib. 1873, 8vo. HUNTING.—Westerwald: Schmidt, Hadamar, 1800, 8vo; Kehrein, Wiesbaden, 1871, I2mo. SLANG.—Gauner Sprache: Schott, Erlangen, 1821, 8vo: Grolmann, Giessen, 1822, 8vo: Train, Meissen, 1833, 8vo: Anton, 2nd ed. Magdeburg, 1843, 8vo; 1859: Ave-Lallemant, Das Deutsche Gaunerthun, Leipzig, 1858-1862, 8vo, vol. iv. pp. 515-628. Student Slang: Vollmann (Burschicoses), Ragaz, 1846, 16mo, 562 pages. Celtic. Celtic generally.—Lluyd, Archaeologia Britannica, Oxford, 1707, folio: Bullet, Besancon, 1754-1860, fol. 2 vols. Irish.—Cormac, bishop of Cashel, born 831, slain in battle 903, wrote a Glossary, Sanas Cormaic, printed by Dr Whitley Stokes, London, 1862, 8vo, with another, finished in 1569, by O'Davoren, a schoolmaster at Burren Castle, Co. Clare: O'Clery, Lovanii, 1643, 8vo: Mac Cuirtin (Eng.-Irish), Paris, 1732, 4t0: O'Brien, ib. 1768, 4to; Dublin, 1832, 8vo: O'Reilly, 1817, 4t0: 1821; ed. O'Donovan, sb. 1864, 4t0, 725 pages: Foley (Eng.-Irish), ib. 1855, 8vo: Connellan (do.), 1863, 8vo. Gaelic.—Macdonald, Edin. 1741, 8vo: Shaw, London, 1780, 4to, 2 vols.: Allan, Edin. 1804, 4to: Armstrong, London, 1825, 4to: Highland Society, ib. 1828, 4to, 2 vols.: Macleod and Dewar, Glasgow, 1853, 8vo. Manx.—Cregeen, Douglas, 1835, 8vo: Kelly, ib. 1866, 8vo, 2 vols. Welsh.—LATIN.—Davies, London, 1632, fol.: Boxhornius, Amstelodami, 1654, 4to. ENGLISH.—Salesbury, London, 1547, 4t0: 1551: Richards, Bristol, 1759, 8vo: Owen (W.), London, 1793-1794, 8vo, 2 vols.; 1803, 4to, 3 vols.: Walters, ib. 1794, 4to: Owen-Pughe, Denbigh, 1832, 8vo; 3rd ed. Pryse, ib. 1866, 8vo: D. S. Evans (Eng.-Welsh), ib. 1852-1853, 8vo; 1887. Cornish.—Pryce, Archaeologia, Sherborne, 1770, 4to: Williams, Llandovery, 1862-1865, 4to. NAMEs.—Bannister_ (20,000), Truro, 1869-1871, 8vo. Breton.—Legadeuc, Le Catholicon breton, finished 1464, printed at Lantrequier, 1499, fol. 210 pages; 1501, 4to; L'Orient, 1868, 8vo: Quicquer de Roskoff, Morlaix, 1633, 8vo: Rostrenen, Rennes, 1732, 4to, 978 pages; ed. Jolivet, Guingamps, 1834, 8vo, 2 vols.: l'A.[rmerie], Leyde, 1744, 8vo; La Haye, 1756: Lepelletier, Paris, 1752, fol.: Legonidec, Angouleme, 1821, 8vo; St Brieuc, 1847-1850, 4to, 924 pages. DIALECT OF LEON.—Troude (Fr.-Bret.), Brest, 187o, 8vo; Id. (Bret.-Fr.), ib. 1876, 8vo, 845 pages. DIOCESE OF VANNES.—Armerie, Leyde, 1774, 8vo. Basque. Basque.—Larramendi, St Sebastian, 1745, fol. 2 vols.; ed. Zuazua, ib. 1854, fol. ; Chaho, Bayonne, 1856, 40, 1867: Fabre, ib. 187o, 8vo: Van Eys, Paris, 1873, 8vo: Egiren, Madrid, 1877. Baltic. Lithuanian.—Szyrwid, 3rd ed., Vilnae, 1642, 8vo; 5th ed. 1713: Schleicher, Prag, 1856-1857, 8vo, 2 vols.: Kurmin, Wilno, 1858, 8vo: Kurschat, Halle, 187o, &c., 8vo. Lettic.—Mancelius, Riga, 1638, 4to: Elvers, ib. 1748, 8vo: Lange, Mitau, 1777, 4to: Sjogren, Petersburg, 1861, 4to: Ulmann, ed. Bielenstein, Riga, 1872, &c., 8vo. Prussian.—Bock, Konigsberg, 1759, 8vo: Hennig, ib. 1785, 8vo: Nesselmann, Berlin, 1873, 8vo: Pierson, ib. 1875, 8vo. Slavonic. Slavonic generally.—Franta-Sumayski (Russ. Bulg. Old Slay. Boh. Polish), Praga,1857, 8vo, Miklosich, Wien, 1886. Old Slavonic.—Beruinda, Kiev, 1627, 8vo; Kuteinsk, 1653, 4to: Polycarpi (Slay. Greek, Latin), Mosque, 1704, 4to: Alexyeev, St Petersb. 1773, 8'o; 4th ed. ib. 1817-1819, 8vo, 5 vols.: Russian Imp. Academy, ib. 1847, 4to, 4 vols.: Miklosich, Vindobonae, 185o: 4to ; 1862-1865, 8vo, Mikhailovski, St Petersb. 1875, 8vo : Charkovski, Warschaw, 1873, 8vo. Russian.—Russian Academy, St Petersburg, 1789-1794, 4t0, 6 vols.; 1806-1822, ib. 1869, 8vo, 3 vols.: Dahl, Moskva, 1862-1866, fol. 4 vols. d., ib. 1873, &c., 4to; a 3rd edition, 1903, &C. FRENCHGERM.-ENG.—Reiff, ib. 1852-1854, 4t0. GERMAN, LATIN.—Holterhof, Moskva, 1778, 8vo, 2 vols. ; 3rd ed. 1853-1855, 8vo, 2 vols. : Weismann, ib. 1731, 4to; 1782, and frequently. FRENCH, GERMAN.—Nordstet, ib. 1780-1782, 4to, 2 vols.: Heym, Moskau, 1796-1805, 4to, 4 vols.: Booch-Arkossi and Frey, Leipzig, 1871, &c., 8vo. ENGLISH.—Nordstet, London, 178o, 4to: Grammatin and Parenogo, Moskva, 1808-1817, 4to, 4 vols.FRENcH: Tatischeff, 2nd ed. St Petersb. 1798, 8vo, 2 vols. ; Moskau, 1816, 4to, 2 vols.: Reiff, St Petersb. 1835-1836, 8vo, 2 vols.: Makaroff, ib. 1872, 8vo, 2 vols. 1110 pages; 1873-1874, I2mo, 2 vols. GERMAN.—Pawlowski, Riga, 1859, 8vo: Lenstrom, Mitau, 1871, 8vo. SWEDISH.—Geitlin, Helsingfors, 1833, I2mo: Meurmann, ib. 1846, 8vo. PoLIsH.—Jakubowicz, Warszawa, 1825-1828, 8vo, 2 vols. : Amsze,jjewicz, ib. 1866, 8vo: Szlezigier,ib. 1867, 8vo. TECHNICAL.—Grakov (Germ.), St Petersb. 1872, 8vo. NAVAL.—Butakov, ib. 1837. DIALECTS.—North-west Russia: Gorbachevski (old language, in Russian), Vilna, 1874, 8vo, 418 pages. White Russia: Nosovich (Russian), St Petersburg, 187o, 4to, 760 pages. Red Russia: Patritzkii (German), Lemberg, 1867, 8vo, 2 vols. 842 pages. Ukraine: Piskanov (Russian), Odessa, 1873, 4to, 156 pages. Polish.—Linde (explained in Lat. Germ. and 13 Slav dialects), Warszawie, 1807-1814, 4to, 6 vols. 4574 pages. ENGLISH.—[Rykaczewski], Complete Dictionary, Berlin, 1849-1851, 8vo, 2 vols.: Rykaczewski, Berlin, 1866, 16mo, I16i pages. FRENCH AND GERMAN.—Troc, Leipz. 1742-1764, 8vo, 4 vols. ; 4th ed. ib. 18o6-1822, 4to, 4 VOIS. Bandtke, Breslau, 1806, 8vo, 2 vols. ; 1833-1839, 8vo. FRENCH.—Schmidt, Leipzig, 187o, 16mo. RUSSIAN AND GERMAN.—Schmidt (J. A. E.), Breslau, 1834, 8vo. GERMAN.—Mrongovius, Konigsberg, 1765; 1835, 4to; 1837: Troianski, Berlin, 1835-1838, 8vo, 2 vols.: Booch-Arkossi, Leipzig, 1864-1868, 8vo, 2 vols.: Jordan, ib. 1866, 8vo. ITALIAN.—PlazoWski, Warszawa, 186o. 8vo. 2 vols. 73o pages. . RussIAN.—Potocki, Lipsk, 1873, &c., I2mo. Wendish.—Matthai, Budissen, 1721, 8vo: Bose, Grimma, 184o, 8vo: Pfuhl, w Budzsinje, 1866, 8vo, I2I0 pages. UPPER LUSATIAN. —Pfuhl and Jordan, Leipz. 1844, 8vo. LOWER LUSATIAN. ZWahr, Spremberg, 1847, 8vo. Czech.—Rohn (Germ. Lat.), Prag, 178o, 4to, 4 vols.: Dobrowski and Hanka, ib. 18o2-1821, 4tO, 2 vols. LAT. GERM. HuNGAR. .jungmann, Praze, 1835-1839, 6 vols. 4to, 5316 pages. GERMAN.—Tham, Prag. 1805-1807, 8vo, 2 vols.: Sumayski, ib. 1844-1846, 8vo, 2 vols.: Koneney, ib. 1855, 18mo, 2 vols.: Rank (Germ. Boh.), ib. 186o, 16mo, 775 pages. TECHNICAL.—Spatny, ib. 1864, 8vo: Kheil (names of goods, Germ. Boh.), ib. 1864, 8vo, 432 pages, HuNTING.—Spatny, ib. 187o, 8vo, 137 pages. 196 South Slavic.—Richter and Ballman,Wien, 1839—1840, 8vo, 2 vols. SERvIAN.—Karajjic (Germ. Lat.), ib. 1818, 8vo; 1852: Lavrovski (Russian), St Petersb. 1870, 8vo, 814 pages. BOSNIAN.—Micalia, Laureti, 1649, 8vo. SLOvAK.—Bernolak (Lat. Germ. Hung.), Budae, 1825–1827, 8vo, 6 vols.: Loos (Hung. and Germ.), Pest, 1869, &c., 3 vols. SLOvENE.—Gutsmann, Klagenfurt, 1789, 4to: Relkovich, Wien, 1796, 4to, 2 vols.: Murko, Gratz, 1838, 8vo, 2 vols.: Janezic, Klagenfurt, 1851, 1210. DALMATIAN.—Ardelio della Bella, Venezia, 1728, 8vo; 2nd ed. Ragusae, 1785, 4to: Stulli, ib. 18o1–18 to, 4t0, 2 vols. CROATIAN.—Habdelich, Gratz, 167o, 8vo: Sulek, Agram, 1854–186o, 8vo, 2 vols. 1716 pages. CARINTHIAN.—Lexer, Leipzig, 1862, 8vo. OLD SERvIAN.—Danitziye (Servian), Belgrad, 1864, 8vo, 3 vols. Bulgarian.—Daniel (Romaic,Albanian, Rumanian, and Bulgarian), Moschopolis, 177o; Venice, 1802, 4t0. ENGLISH.—Morse and Vassiliev, Constantinople, 186o, 8vo. RussIAN.—Borogoff, Vienna, 1872, &c., 8vo. Ugrian. Ugrian, Comparative.—Donner, Helsingfors, 1874, 8vo, in progress: Budenz (Ugrian-Magyar), Budapest, 1872–1875, 8vo. Lappish.—Manuale, Holmiae, 1648, 8vo: Fjellstrom, ib. 1738, 8vo: Leem and Sandberg, Havn. 1768–1781, 4t0, 2 parts: Lindahl and Oehrling, Holm. 178o, 8vo. NORTH LAPPISH.—Stockfleht, Christiania, 1852, 8vo. Finnish.—Juslenius, Holmiae, 1745, 4t0, 567 pages: Renvall, Aboae, 1826, 4to, 2 vols.: Europaeus, Helsingissa, 1852–1853, 16mo, 2 vols. 742 pages: Lunin, Derpt, 1853, 8vo: Euren, Tavashuus, 186o, 8vo: Ahlman, ib. 1864, 8vo: Wiedemann, St Petersb. 1869, 4tO: Godenhjelm (Germ.), Helsingfors, 1871: Lonnrot, Helsingissa, 1874. NAvAL.—Stjerncreutz, lb. 1863, 8vo. Esthonian.—Hupel, Mitau, 1818, 8vo, 832 pages: KSrber, Dorpat, 186o, 8vo: Wiedemann, St Petersb. 1869, 4to, 1002 pages: Aminoff (Esth.-Finnish), Helsingissa, 1869, 8vo: Meves (Russian), Riga, 1876, 12mo. Permian.—Rogord (Russian), St Petersb. 1869, 8vo, 420 pages. Votiak.—Wiedemann, Reval, 1847, 8vo : Ahlquist, Helsingfors, 1856, 4t0. Cheremiss.—Budenz, Pest, 1866, 8vo. Ersa-Mordvine.—Wiedemann, St Petersb. 1865, 4t0. MOKSHAMoRDvINE.—Ahlquist, ib. 1862, 8vo. Magyar.—Szabo, Kassan, 1792, 8vo: Guczor and Fogarazi (Hung. Academy), Pesth, 1862, 8vo, in progress. ENGLISH.—Dallos, Pesth, 186o, 8vo. FRENCH.—Kiss, ib. 1844, 12mo, 2 vols.: Karady, Leipz. 1848, I2mo: Mole, Pest, 1865, 8vo, 2 VOLS. GERMAN.—Schuster, Wien, 1838, 8vo: Bloch, Pesth, 1857, 4t0, 2 vols.: Ballagi, ib. 1857, 8vo; 6th ed. 1905, 8vo, 2 vols.: Loos, lb. 1870, 8vo, 914 pages. ETYMOLOGICAL.—Dankovsky (Lat.-Germ.), Pressburg, 1853, 8vo: Kresznerics (under roots, in Hung.), Budan, 1831–1832, 4t0, 2 vols.: Podhorsky (from Chinese roots, in Germ.), Budapest, 1877, 8vo. NEw WORDS.—Kunoss, Pesth, 1836, 8vo; 1844. Turkish.—ARAB. PERS.—Esaad Effendi, Constantinople, 1802, fol. RoMAIc.—Alexandrides, Vienna, 1812, 4t0. POLYGLOTTS.—Pianzola (Ital. Grec. volgare, e Turca), Padova, 1789, 4to: Ciakciak (Ital. Armeno, Turco), Venice, 1804, 4to; 2nd ed. 1829: Azarian (Ellenico, Ital. Arm. Turco), Vienna, 1848, 8vo: Mechitarist Congregation (Ital. Francese, Arm. Turco), ib. 1846, 8vo. LATIN.—Mesgnien-Meninski, Viennae, 1680, fol. 3 vols. ; ed. Jenisch and Klezl, ib. 1780—1802, fol. 4 vols. ENQLIsH.—Sauerwein, London, 1855, I2mo: Redhouse, ib. 1856, 8vo, 1176 pages: Id., Eng. Turkish, ib. 86o, 8vo. FRENcH.—Kieffer and Bianchi (Turk.-Fr.), Paris, 1835–1837, 2 vols. 2118 pages: Bianchi (Fr.-Turk.) Paris, 1843–1846, 8vo, 2 vols. 2287 pages; 185o, 8vo, 2 vols.: Mallouf, ib. 1863–1867, 8vo, 2 vOIS. FRENCH AND GERMAN. Zenker (Arab. Pers.), Leipz, 1862–1876, 4to, 2 vols, 982 pages. GERMAN.—Korabinsky, Pressburg, 1788, 8vo: Vambery, Constantinople, 1858, 8vo. ITALIAN.—Molina, Roma, 1641, 8vo: Masais, Firenze, 1677, 8vo: Ciadyrgy, Milano, 1832–1834, 4to, 2 vols. RussIAN.—Budagov (Comparative lexicon of the Turkish-Tartar dialects), St Petersburg, 1869, 8vo, 2 vols. Gipsy.—Bischoff, Ilmenau, 1827, 8vo: Truxillo, Madrid, 1844, 8vo: Jimenes, Sevilla, 1846, 16mo: Baudrimont, Bordeaux, 1862, 8vo: Vaillant, Paris, 1868, 8vo: Paspati; Constantinople, 187o, 4tO: Borrow, Romany Lavo Lit, London, 1874, 8vo: Smart and Crofton, London, 1875, 8vo. Albanian.—Blanchus, Romae, 1635, 8vo: Kaballioti (Romaic, Wallach. Alb.), Venice, 1770, 8vo: Xylander, Frankfurt a. M. 1835, 8vo: Hahn, Jena, 1854, 4t0: Rossi da Montalto, Roma, 1866, 8vo. ASIA Semitic.—PoLYG,LOTTS.—Thurneissius, Berolini, 1585, fol.: Thorndike, London, 1635, fol.: Schindler, Pentaglotton, Frankf, ad M. 1653, fol.: Hottinger, Heptaglotton, lb. 1661, fol.: Castellus, London, 1669, fol. 2 vols. (Hebrew, Chaldaic, Syriac, Samaritan, Aethiopic and Arabic in one alphabet; Persian separately. It occupied him for seventeen years, during which he worked sixteen to eighteen hours a day) : Otho, Frankf. a. M. 1702, 4tO (the same languages with Rabbinical): Hebrew.—About 875, Zemab, head of the school of Pumbeditha,wrote a Talmudical dictionary of words and things, arranged in alphabetical order, which is lost. About 88o, Jehudah ben 'Alan, of Tiberias, and Jehudah ibn Koreish, of Tahurt, in Morocco wrote Hebrew dictionaries. Saadia ben Joseph (born 892, died 942), of Fayum, in Upper Egypt, wrote Irin nap, probably a Hebrew-Arabic dictionary. Menabem ben Jacob Ibn Saruq (born 910, died about 970), of Tortosa and Cordova, wrote a copious Hebrew dictionary, first printed by Herschell F. Filipowski, Edinburgh, 1855, 8vo, from five MSS. David ben Abraham, of Fas, wrote, in Arabic, a large Hebrew dictionary, the MS. of which, a quarto of 313 leaves on cotton paper, was found about 183o by A. Firkowitz, of Eupatoria, in the cellar of a Qaraite synagogue in Jerusalem. The age of this work cannot be ascertained. About Io5o, Ali ben Suleiman wrote a dictionary in Arabic, on the plan of that of David ben Abraham. The MS. of 429 leaves belongs to Firkowitz. Haja ben Sherira, the famous teacher of the Academy of Pumbeditha, wrote a Hebrew dictionary in Arabic, called al Hdvi (The Gathering), arranged alphabetically in the order of the last radical letter. This dictionary is lost, as well as that of the Spaniard Isaac ben Saul, of Lucena. Iona ibn Ganah, of Cordova, born about 985, wrote a Hebrew dictionary in Arabic called Kztdb al Azul (Book of Roots). This, as well as a Hebrew translation by Samuel ibn TabOn, is extant in MS., and was used by Gesenius in his Thesaurus. Rabbi David ben Joseph Kimbi died soon after 1232. His lexicon of roots, called nazw, was printed at Naples 1490, fol. ; Constantinople, 1513, fol.; Naples, 1491, 8vo; Venice, 1552; Berolini, 1838, 4to. Tishbi (The Tishbite), by Elijah ben Asher, the Levite, so called because it contained 712 roots, was printed at Isny 1541, 8vo and 4to, and often afterwards. LATIN.—Munster, Basileae, 1523, 8vo; 5 editions to 1564: Zamora, Compluti, 1526, fol.: Pellicanus, Argentorati, 1540, fol.: Reuchlin, Basil, 1556; fol.: Avenarius, Wittebergae, 1568, fol. ; auctus, 1589: Pagnini, Lugd. Bat. 1575, fol. ; 1577; Genevae, 1614; Buxtorf, Basil. 1607, 8vo; 1615, and many other editions: Frey (Lat.-Eng.), 2nd ed. London, 1815, 8vo: Gesenius, Thesaurus, Leipz. 1829-1858, 4t0, 3 vols. ENGLISH.—Bale, London, 1767, 4to: Parkhurst, ib. 1792, 4to: Lee, ib. 184o, 8vo: Gesenius, translated by Robinson, ib. 1844, 8vo; by Tregelles, ib. 1846, 4t0: Fuerst, 4th ed. transl. by Davidson, ib. 1866, 8vo: 1871, 8vo, 1547 pages. FRENCH. — Leigh, Amst. 1703, 4t0: Glaire, Paris, 183o, 8vo; 1843. GERMAN. — Gesenius, Leipzig, 1810—1812, 8vo, 2 vols.: Fuerst, ib. 1842, 16mo: ib. 1876, 8vo, 2 vols. ITALIAN.—Modena, Venetia, 1612, 4to; 1640; Coen, Reggio, 1811, 8vo: Fontanella, Venezia, 1824, 8vo. DUTCH.—Waterman, Rotterdam, 1859, &c., 8vo. .HUNGARIAN.—Ehrentheil (Pentateuch), Pest, 1868, 8vo. RoMAIC.—Loundes, Melite. 1845, 8vo, 987 pages. Rabbinical and Chaldee.—Nathan ben Yebiel of Rome wrote in the beginning of the 12th century a Talmudic dictionary, Aruch, printed 148o (?), s. 1., fol. ; Pesaro, 1517, fol. ; Venice, 1531; and often: Isaiah ben Loeb, Berlin, wrote a supplement to Aruch, vol. i. Breslau, 183o, 8vo; vol. ii. (4 to n), Wien, 1859, 8vo: Munster, Basil. 1527, 4to, 1530, fol.: Elijah ben Asher, the Levite, transl. by Fagius, Isnae, 1541, fol.; Venet. 1560: David ben Isaac de Pomis,Zamalz David, Venet. 1587, fol.: Buxtorf, Basileae, 1639, fol.: ed. Fischer, Leipz. 1866–1875, 4to: Otho, Geneva, 1675, 8vo; Altona, 1757, 8vo: Zanolini, Patavii, 1747, 8vo: Hornheim, Halle, 1807, 8vo: Landau,. Prag, 1819–1824, 8vo, 5 vols.: Dessauer, Erlangen, 1838, 8vo: Mork (i.e. Korn), Grimma, 1842, 4to: Schonhak, Warschau, 1858, 8vo, 2 vols. TARGUMS.—Levy, Leipzig, 1866–68 4to, 2 vols.; 1875: Id. (Eng.), London, 1869, 8vo, 2 vols. TALMUD.—Lowy (in Heb.), Wien, 1863, 8vo: Levy, Leipzig, 1876, &c., 40. PRAYER-BOOK. —Hecht, Kreuznach, 186o, 8vo: Nathan, Berlin, 1854, 12mo. SYNONYMS.—PantavitiUS, Lodevae, 164o, fol. FOREIGN WORDS.—Rabeini, Lemberg, 1857, 8vo, &c. JEWISH-GERMAN.—Callenberg, Halle, 1736, 8vo: Vollbeding, Hamburg, 18o8, 8vo : Stern, Munchen, 1833, 8vo, 2 vols.: Theile, Berlin, 1842–1843, 8vo, 2 vols.: Ave-Lallemant, Das deutsche Gaunerthum, Leipzig, 1858, 8vo, 4 vols. ; vol. iv. pp. 321–512. Phoenician.—M. A. Levy, Breslau, 1864, 8vo. Samaritan.—Crinesius, Altdorphi, 1613, 4to: Morini, Parisiis, 1657, I2mo: Hilligerus, Wittebergae, 1679, 4to: Cellarius, Cizae, 1682, 4t0; Frankof. 1705: Uhlemann, Leipsiae, 1837, 8vo: Nicholls, London, 1859, 8vo. Assyrian.—Norris, London, 1868, 8vo, 3 vols. PROPER NAMES.—Menant, Paris, 1861, 8vo. Accadian.—Lenormant, Paris, 1875, 8vo. Syriac.—Joshua ben Ali, a physician, who lived about 885, made a Syro-Arabic lexicon, of which there is a MS. in the Vatican. Hoffmann printed this lexicon from Alif to Mim, from a Gotha MS., Kiel, 1874, 4to. Joshua bar Bahlul, living 963, wrote another, great part of which Castelli put into his lexicon. His MS. is now it Cambridge, and, with those at Florence and Oxford, was used bg Bernstein. Elias bar Shinaya, born 975, metropolitan of Nisibis, 1009, wrote a Syriac and Arabic lexicon, entitled Kitab lit Tarjuman fi Taalem Loghat es Suri¢n (Book called the Interpreter for teaching the Language of the Syrians), of which there is a MS. in the British Museum. It was translated into Latin by Thomas a Novaria, a Minorite friar, edited by Germanus, and published at Rome by Obicinus, 1636, 8vo. It is a classified vocabulary, divided in no chapters, each containing several sections. Crinesius, Wittebergae. 1612, 4to: Buxforf, Basileae, 1622, 4to: Ferrarius, Romae, 1622, 4t0: Trost, Cothenis Anhaltor, 1643, 4t0: Gutbir, Hamburgi, 1667, 8vo: Schaaf, Lugd. Bat, 1708, 4t0: Zanolini, Patavii, 1742, 4to: Castellus, ed. Michaelis, Gottingen, 1788, to, 2 vols.: Bernstein, Berlin, 1857, &c. fol.: Smith (Robt. Paine), Dean of Canterbury, Oxonii, 1868, &c. fol.: fasc. 1-3 contain 538 pages: Zingerle, Romae, 1873, 8vo, 148 pages. Arabic.—The native lexicons are very many, voluminous and copious. In the preface to his great Arabic-English lexicon, Lane describes 33, the most remarkable of which are—the `Ain, so called from the letter which begins its alphabet, commonly ascribed to al Khalil (who died before A.H. 175 [A.D. 791], aged seventy-four) : the Sihah of Jauhari (died 398 [1003]): the Mohkam of Ibn Sidah the Andalusian, who was blind, and died A.H. 458 [A.D. 1066], aged about sixty: the Asas of Zamakhshari (born 467 [1075], died 538 [1144]), " a most excellent repertory of choice words and phrases ": the List-in el `Arab of Ibn Mukarram (born 630 [1232], died 711 [1311]); Lane's copy is in 28 vols. 4t0: the Kamus (The Sea) of Fairuzabadi (born 729 [1328], died 816 [1413], : the Taj el Arus, by Murtada Ez Zebadi (born A.D. 1732, died 1791)—the copy made for Lane is in 24 vols. thick 4t0. The Sihah was printed Hardervici Getorum, 1774, 410; Bulak, 1865, fol. 2 vols.: Kamus, Calcutta, 1817, fol. 2 vols.; Bombay, 1855, fol. 920 pages: Sirr el Lagal, by Farish esh Shidiac, Tunis, fol. 609 pages: Muhit al Muhit, by Beitrus Al Bustani Beirut, 1867–1870, 2 vols. 4to, 2358 pages (abridged as Katr Al Muhit, ib. 1867–1869, 2 vols. 8vo, 2352 pages), is excellent for spoken Arabic. PERSIAN.—The Surah, by Jumal, Calcutta, 1812–1815, 2 vols. 410: Samachsharii Lexicon, ed. Wetzstein, Leipz. 1845, 4to; 1850: Muntakhal al Loghat, Calcutta, 1808; ib. 1836; Lucknow, 1845; Bombay, 1862, 8vo, 2 vols.: Muntaha l'Arabi, 4 vols. fol. 1840: Shams al Loghat, Bombay, 1860, fol. 2 vols. 509 pages. TURKISH. Achteri Kabir, Constantinople. 1827, fol.: El Kamus, ib. 1816, fol. 3 vols. ; translated by Agan Effendi, Bulak, fol. 3 vols. ; El Sihah, translated by Al Vani, Constantinople, 1728, fol. 2 vols.: 1755–1756; Scutari, 1802, fol. 2 vols. LATIN.-Raphelengius, Leiden, 1613, fol.: Giggeius, Mediolani, 1632, fol. 4 vols.: Golius Lugd. Bat. 1653, fol. (the best before Lane's) : Jahn, Vindobonae, 1802, 8vo: Frey tag, Halle, 1830-1838, 4volS. 4to; abridged, ib.1837, 410. ENGLIsH.—Catafago (Arab.-Eng. and Eng.-Arab.), London, 1858, 8vo, 2 vols.; 2nd ed. 1873, 8vo: Lane, London, 1863–1893 (edited after Lane's death, from 1876, by his grandnephew, Stanley Lane-Poole. The Arabic title is Medd el Kamoos, meaning either the Flow of the Sea, or The Extension of the Kamus. It was under-taken in 1842, at the suggestion and at the cost of the 6th duke of Northumberland, then Lord Prudhoe, by Mr Lane, who returned to Egypt for the purpose, and lived in Cairo for seven years to study, and obtain copies of, the great MS. lexicons in the libraries of the mosques, few of which had ever been seen by a European, and which were so quickly disappearing through decay, carelessness and theft, that the means of composing such a work would not long have existed). Newman (modern). ib. 1872, 8vo, 2 vols. 856 pages. FRENCH.—Ruphy (Fr.-Ar.), Paris, 1802, 4to: Bochtor (do.), Paris, 1828, 4to, 2 vols. ; 2nd ed. ib. 1850: Roland de Bussy (Algiers, Fr.-Ar.), Alger, 1835, 16mo: Id., 1836, 8vo; 1839: Berggren (Fr.-vulg. Ar., Syria and Egypt.), Upsala, 1844, 4to: Farhat (Germanos), revu par Rochaid ed Dandah, Marseille, 1849, 4to: Biberstein Kasimirski, Paris, 1846, 8vo, 2 vols. ; 1853–1856; 186o, 2 vols. 3032 pages: Marcel (vulgar dialects of Africa), Paris, 1830; 1835, 8vo; 1837; enlarged, 1869, 8vo; Paulmier (Algeria), 2nd ed. Paris, 186o, 8vo, 931 pages; 1872: Bernard (Egypt), Lyon, 1864, 18mo: Cuche, Beirut, 1862, 8vo; 1867: Nar Bey (A. Calfa), 2nd ed. Paris, 1872, 121110, 1042 pages: Cherbonneau (written language), Paris, 1876, 2 vols. 8vo: Id. (Fr.-Ar.), Paris, 1872, 8vo: Beausier (Algiers, Tunis, legal, epistolary), Alger, 1871, 4to, 764 pages; 1873. GERMAN.—Seyfarth (Algeria), Grimma, 1849, 16mo: Wolff (Mod. Ar.), Leipzig, 1867, 8vo: Wahrmund (do.), Giessen, 1870–1875, 8vo, 4 vols. ITALIAN. —Germano, Roma, 1636, 8vo; (Ar. Lat. It.), Romae, 1639, fol.: Dizionario, Bulak. 1824, 4to: Schiaparelli, Firenze, 1871, 4to, '641 pages. SPANISH.—Alcala, Grenada, 1505, 4to: Canes, Madrid, 1787, fol. 3 VO1S. SUFI TECHNICAL TERMS.—Abd Errahin, ed. Sprenger, Calcutta, 1845, 8vo. TECHNICAL TERMS OF THE MUSSULMAN SCIENCES.—Abd al Flagg and Gholam Kadir, Calcutta, 1853–1862, 410, 1593 pages. MEDICAL TERMS.—Pharaonand Bertherand, Paris, 1860, 121110. MATERIA MEDIcA.—Muhammed Abd Allah Shirazi, Ulfaz Udwiyeh, translated by Gladwin (Eng. Pers. Hindi), Calcutta, 1793, 4t0, 1441 words. NOMS DES VETEMENTS.—DOZy, Amst. 1845, 8vo. WORTER IN ENTGEGENGESETZTEN BEDEUTUNGEN. —Redslob, Gottingen, 1873, 8vo. KORAN.—Willmet (also in Haririum et vitam Timuri), Lugd. Bat. 1784, 4to; Amst. 1790: Fluegel, Concordantia, Leipz. 1842, 4to: Penrice, Dictionary and Glossary, London, 1873, 410. EL TABRIZI'S LOGIC.—Mir Abufeth (French), Bulak, 1842, 8vo. MALTESE.—VaSSaIi, Romae, 1796, 4to: Falzon (Malt. Ital. Eng.), Malta, s.a. 8vo: Vella, Livorno, 1843, 8vo. Armenian.—Mechitar, Venice, 1749–1769, 4to, 2 vols.: Avedichiam, Surmelian and Aucher (Aukerian), ib. 1836–1837, 4to, 2 vols.: Aucher, ib. 1846, 4to. POLYGLOT.—Villa (Arm.-vulg., litteralis, Lat. Indicae et Gallicae), Romae, 1780. GREEK AND LATIN.—Lazarists, Venice, 1836–1837, 4t0, 2 vols. 2217 pages. LATIN.—Rivola, Mediolani, 1621, fol.: Nierszesovicz, Romae, 1695, 4to; Villotte, ib. 1714,fol.: Mechitar, Venetiae, 1747–1763, 4to, 2 vols. ENGLISH.—Aucher, Venice, 1821–1825, 4t0, 2 vols. FRENCH.—Aucher, Venise, 1812–1817, 8vo, 2 vols,; (Fr.-Arm. Tura.), ib. 1840, 4to: Eminian, Vienna, 1853, 4t0: Calfa, Paris, 1861, 8vo, Io16 pages; 1872. ITALIAN.—Ciakciak, Venezia, 1837, 4to. RussIAN.—Khudobashev [Khutapashian], Moskva, 1838, 8vo, 2 vols. Russ. ARM.—Adamdarov, ib. 182I, 8vo: Popov, ib. 1841, 8vo, 2 vols. MODERN WORDS.—RiggS, Smyrna, 1847, 8vo. Georgian.—Paolini (Ital.), Roma, 1629, 4t0: Klaproth (Fr.), Paris, 1827, 8vo: Tshubinov (Russian, French), St Petersburg, 1840, 4to; 1846, 8vo, 2 vols. 1187 pages. Circassian.—Loewe, London, 1854, 8vo. Ossetic.—Sjorgen, St Petersb. 1844, 4to. Kurd.—Garzoni, Roma, 1787, 8vo: Lerch (German), St Peters-burg, 1857, 8vo: Id. (Russian), ib. 1856–1858, 8vo. Persian. Burhani Qatiu, arranged by J. Roebuck, Calcutta, 1818, 4to: Burhan i Kati, Bulak, 1836, fol.: Muhammed Kazim, Tabriz, 1844, fol.: Haft Kulzum (The Seven Seas), by Ghazi ed din Haidar, King of Oude, Lucknow, 1822, fol. 7 vols. ARABIC.-Shums ul Loghat, Calcutta, 1806, 4to, 2 vols. TURKISH.—Ibrahim Effendi, Farhangi Shu'uri, ib. 1742, fol. 2 vols. 22,530 words, and 22,4.50 poetical quotations: Burhan Kati, by Ibn Kalif, translated by Ahmed Asin Aintabi, ib. 1799, fol.; Bulak, 1836, fol.: Hayret Effendi, ib. 1826, 8vo. ARMENIAN.—Douzean. Constantinople, 1826, fol. BENGALI.—Jay Gopal, Serampore, 1818, 8vo. LATIN.—Vullers (Zend appendix), Bonnae ad Rhen, 1855–1868, 4to, 2 vols. 2544 pages; Supplement of Roots, 1867, 142 pages. ENGLISH.—Gladwin, Malda in Bengal, 1780, 4to; Calcutta, 1797: Kirkpatrick, London, 1785, 4to: Moises, Newcastle, 1794, 4to: Rousseau, London, 1802, 8vo; 1810: Richardson (Arab. and Pers.), ib. 1780–1800, fol. 2 vols. ; ed. Wilkins, ib. 18o6–1810, 4to, 2 vols. ; ed Johnson, ib. 1829, 4to: Ramdhen Sen, Calcutta, 1829, 8vo; 1831: Tucker (Eng.-Pers.), London, 1850, 4to: Johnson (Pers. and Arab.), ib. 1852, 4to: Palmer, ib. 1876, 8vo, 726 pages. FRENCH.—Handjeri (Pers. Arab. and Turkish), Moscou, 1841, 4to, 3 vols. 2764 pages: Berge, Leipzig, 1869, I2m0. GERMAN.—Richardson, translated by Wahl as Orientalische Bibliotheque, Lemg, 1788–1792, 8vo, 3 vols. ITALIAN.-Angelus a S. Josepho [i.e. Labrosse] (Ital. Lat. Fr.), Amst. 1684, fol. Old Persian.—(Cuneiform), Benfey (German), Leipzig, 1847, 8vo: Spiegel (id.), ib. 1862, 8vo: Kossovich (Latin), Petropoli, 1872, 8vo. Zend.—Justi, Leipzig, 1864, 410: Vullers, Persian Lexicon, Appendix: Lagarde, Leipzig, 1868, 8vo. Pahlavi.—An old Pahlavi and Pazend Glossary, translated by Destur Hoshengi Jamaspji, ed. Haug, London, 1867, 8vo; 1870, 8vo: West, Bombay, 1874, 8vo.
End of Article: OLD AND PROVINCIAL
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