Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 76 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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OLEAN, a city of Cattaraugus county, in south-western New (Du Cange), influenced by olea, the olive-tree, lorandrum being York, U.S.A., on Olean Creek and the N. side of the Allegheny itself a corruption of rhododendron. The modern Greeks still river, 70 M. S.E. of Buffalo. Pop. (188o), 3036; (1890), 7358; know the plant asbobo8aOo , although in a figure in the Rinuccini (1900), 9462, of whom 1514 were foreign-born and 122 were MSS. of Dioscorides a plant is represented under this name, negroes; (1910 census), 14,743. The city is served by the which, however, had rather the appearance of a willow herb Erie, the Pittsburg, Shawmut & Northern, and the Pennsylvania (Epilobium). The oleander has long been cultivated in green-railways (the last has large car shops here) ; and is connected houses in England, being, as Gerard says, " a small shrub of a with Bradford, Pa., Allegany, Pa., Salamanca, N.Y., Little gallant shewe"; numerous varieties, differing in the colour of their Valley, N.Y., and Bolivar, N.Y., by electric lines. Olean is flowers, which are often double, have been introduced. situated in a level valley 1440 ft. above sea-level. The sur- OLEASTER, known botanically as Elaea.gnus hortensis, a rounding country is rich in oil and natural gas. Six miles from handsome deciduous tree, 15 to 20 ft. high, growing in the Olean and 2000 ft. above the sea-level is Rock City, a group of Mediterranean region and temperate Asia, where it is commonly immense, strangely regular, conglomerate rocks (some of them cultivated for its edible fruit. The brown smooth branches pure white) covering about 40 acres. They are remnants of. are more or less spiny; the narrow leaves have a hoary look a bed of Upper Devonian Conglomerate, which broke along from the presence of a dense covering of star-shaped hairs; the joint planes, leaving a group of huge blocks. In the city . the small fragrant yellow flowers, which are borne in the axils are a public library, a general hospital and a state armoury; of the leaves, are scaly on the outside. The genus contains other and at Allegany (pop. 1910, 1286), about 3 M. W. of Olean, is species of ornamental deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small St Bonaventure's College (1859; Roman Catholic). Olean's trees. E. argentea, a native of North America, has leaves and factory product was valued at $4,677,477 in 1905; the city is fruit covered with shining silvery scales. In E. glabra, from the terminus of an Ohio pipe line, and of a sea-board pipe line Japan, the evergreen leaves are clothed beneath with rust-for petroleum; and among its industries are oil-refining and coloured scales; variegated forms of this are cultivated, as the refining of wood alcohol, tanning, currying, and finishing also of E. pungens, another Japanese species, a spiny shrub leather; and the manufacture of flour, glass (mostly bottles), with leaves silvery beneath.
End of Article: OLEAN
WILLIAM OLDYS (1696-1761)

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