Online Encyclopedia

OMDURMAN

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 101 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!

OMDURMAN  , a

See also:
town of the Anglo-
See also:
Egyptian Sudan, on the west
See also:
bank of the Nile, immediately north of the junction of the White and Blue
See also:
Niles in 15° 38' N.; 32° 29' E., 2 M . N. by W. of
See also:
Khartum . Pop . (1909 census) 42,779, of whom 541 were Europeans . The town covers a large
See also:
area, being over 5 M. long and 2 broad . It consists for the most
See also:
part of mud huts, but there are some houses built of sun-dried bricks . Save for two or three wide streets which
See also:
traverse it from end to end the town is a network of narrow lanes . In the centre facing an open space are the ruins of the tomb of the
See also:
Mandi and behind is the house in which he lived . The
See also:
Khalifa's house (a two-storeyed
See also:
building), the mosque, the Beit el Amaina (
See also:
arsenal) and other houses famed in the
See also:
history of the town also face the central square . A high wall runs behind these buildings parallel with the Nile . Omdurman is the headquarters of the native traders in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, the chief articles of commerce being ivory,
See also:
ostrich feathers and gum arabic from
See also:
Darfur and
See also:
Kordofan . There is also an important camel and cattle market .

Nearly every tribe in the Sudan is represented in the

population of the city . Among the native artificers the metal workers and leather dressers are noted . The government maintains elementary and technical
See also:
schools .
See also:
Mission
See also:
work is undertaken by various
See also:
Protestant and
See also:
Roman Catholic societies . Omdurman, then an insignificant
See also:
village, was chosen in 1884 by the Mandi Mahommed Ahmed as his capital and so continued after the fall of Khartum in
See also:
January 1885 . Its growth was rapid, the Khalifa (who succeeded the Mandi) compelling large numbers of disaffected tribesmen to live in the town under the eye of his soldiery . Here also were imprisoned the
See also:
European captives of the Mandists—notably Slatin
See also:
Pasha and
See also:
Father Ohrwalder . On the 2nd of September 1898 the Anglo-Egyptian army under Lord Kitchener totally defeated the forces of the Khalifa at Kerreri, 7 M . N. of the town . A marble obelisk marks the spot where the 21st Lancers made a charge . Within the enclosure of the Khalifa's house is the tomb of Hubert Howard, son of the 9th
See also:
earl of Carlisle, who was killed in the house at the capture of the city by a splinter of a shell fired at the Mandi's tomb .

End of Article: OMDURMAN
[back]
OMBRE
[next]
OMELETTE

Additional information and Comments

thank you for writting about omdurman , my home town which I love much.my comment is that there is a spelling mistake on the name of the Sudanese leader 'Al Mahadi' not Mandi as it appered in the reaearch. so we say Mahadia period not Mandi.and thank you again I wish if you write about the market of Omdurman " Soug Omdurman" it is a very important place in the town. with regards Dalal Suliman Sudanese Architect
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.