OPUNTIA , the prickly
See also:pear, or
See also:Indian fig
See also:cactus, is a large typical
See also:group, comprising some 153
See also:species, found in
See also:America, the West Indies, and warmer parts of South America, extending as far as Chile . In aspect they are very distinct from any of the other groups . They are fleshy shrubs, with rounded, woody stems, and numerous succulent branches, composed in most of the species of
See also:joints or parts, which are much compressed, often elliptic or suborbicular, dotted over in
See also:spiral lines with small, fleshy,
See also:caducous leaves, in the axils of which are placed the areoles or tufts of barbed or hooked spines of two forms . The
See also:flowers are mostly yellow or reddish-yellow, and are succeeded by pear-shaped or
See also:egg-shaped fruits, having a broad scar at the top, furnished on their soft, fleshy rind with tufts of small spines . The sweet, juicy fruits of 0. vulgaris and 0 . Tuna are much eaten under the name of prickly
See also:pears, and are greatly esteemed for their cooling properties . Both these species are extensively cultivated for their fruit in
See also:Europe, the Canaries and
See also:northern Africa; and the fruits are not unfrequently to be seen in Covent
See also:Garden Market and in the shops of the leading fruiterers of the metropolis . 0. vulgaris is
See also:hardy in the south of England . The
See also:insect is nurtured on a species of Opuntia (0. coccinellifera) , separated by some authors under the name of Nopalea, and sometimes also on O . Tuna . Plantations of the nopal and the tuna, which are called nopaleries, are established for the purpose of rearing this insect, the Coccus Cacti, and these often contain as many as 50,000
See also:plants . The
See also:females are placed on the plants about
See also:August, and in four months the first
See also:crop of cochineal is gathered, two more being produced in the course of the
See also:year .
See also:country of the insect is Mexico, and it is there more or less cultivated; but the greater
See also:part of our supply comes front
See also:Colombia and the Canary Islands .
OPTION (Lat. optio, choice, choosing, optare, to ch...
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.