See also:Greece, the chief city of the Opuntian Locrians; the walls of the
See also:town may still be seen on a
See also:hill about 6 m . S.E. of the
See also:modern Atalante, and about i m. from the channel which separates the mainland from Euboea . It is mentioned in the Homeric
See also:catalogue among the towns of the Locrians, who were led by Ajax Oileus; and there were
See also:games called Aiantea and an
See also:altar at
See also:Opus in
See also:honour of Ajax . Opus was also the birthplace of Patroclus . Pindar's Ninth Olympian Ode is mainly devoted to the
See also:glory and traditions of Opus . Its founder was Opus the son of
See also:Zeus and Protogeneia, the daughter of an Elian Opus, or, according to another version, of
See also:Deucalion and Pyrrha, and the wife of Locros . The Locrians deserted the Greek side in the Persian
See also:Wars; they were among the
See also:allies of
See also:Sparta in the Peloponnesian War . In the struggle between
See also:Philip V. of Macedon and the Romans the town went over to the latter in 197 B.C., but the Acropolis held out for Philip until his defeat at Cynoscephalae (
See also:Livy xxxii . 32) . The town suffered from earthquakes, such as that which destroyed the neighbouring Atalante in 1894 .
ORACH, or MOUNTAIN SPINACH
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