See also:district now included in the French department of
See also:Vaucluse, traces back its
See also:history as an
See also:sovereignty to the
See also:time of Charlemagne .
See also:William, surnamed le
See also:Cornet, who lived towards the end of the 8th century, is said to have been the first
See also:prince of Orange, but the succession is only certainly known after the time of Gerald Adhemar (fl. ro86) . In 1174 the principality passed by
See also:marriage to Bertrand de Baux, and there were nine princes of this
See also:line . By the marriage of
See also:John of Chalons with
See also:Marie de Baux, the
See also:house of Chalons succeeded to the sovereignty in 1393 . The princes of Orange-Chalons were (1) John I., 1393–1418, (2)
See also:Louis I.,1418–1463, (3) William VIII., 1463-1475, (4) John II., (1475-1502, (5) Philibert, 1502-1530 . Philibert was a
See also:warrior and statesman, who was held in great esteem by the emperor
See also:Charles V . For his services in his
See also:campaigns the emperor gave him considerable possessions in the
See also:Netherlands in 1522, and
See also:Francis I. of France, who had occupied Orange, was compelled, when a prisoner in
See also:Madrid, to restore it to him . Philibert had no
See also:children, and he was succeeded by his
See also:nephew Rene of
See also:Nassau-Chalons, son of Philibert's
See also:sister Claudia and
See also:Henry, count of Nassau, the confidential friend and counsellor of Charles V . He too died without an
See also:heir in 1544 at the
See also:siege of St Dizier, having devised all his titles and possessions to his first
See also:cousin William, the eldest son of William, count of Nassau-Dillenburg, who was the younger
See also:brother of Rene's
See also:father, and had inherited the German possessions of the
See also:family . William of Orange-Nassau was but eleven years old when he succeeded to the principality . He was brought up at the
See also:court of Charles V. and became famous in history as William the Silent, the founder of the Dutch Republic .
On his assassination in 1584 he was succeeded by his eldest son
See also:Philip William, who had been kidnapped by Philip II. of Spain in his boyhood and brought up at Madrid . This prince never married, and on his
See also:death in 1618 his next brother,
See also:Maurice, stadtholder in the
See also:United Netherlands and one of the greatest generals of his time, became prince of Orange . Maurice died in 1625, also unmarried .
See also:Frederick Henry, the son of Louise de
See also:Coligny, William's
See also:fourth wife,
See also:born just before his father's
See also:murder, now succeeded to the princedom of Orange and to all his
See also:brothers' dignities, posts and
See also:property in the Netherlands . Frederick Henry was both a great general and statesman . His only son, William, was married in 1641 to Mary, princess royal of England, he being fifteen and the princess nine years old at that date, and he succeeded to the title of prince of Orange on his father's death in 1647 . At the very outset of a promising career he suddenly succumbed to an attack of smallpox on the 6th of
See also:November 165o, his son William III. being born a week after his father's death . A revolution now took place in the
See also:system of
See also:government in the United Provinces, and the offices of stadtholder and captain-and
See also:admiral-general, held by four successsive princes of Orange, were abolished . However, the
See also:counter revolution of 1672 called William III. to the
See also:head of affairs . At this time Louis XIV. conquered the principality of Orange and the territory was incorporated in France, the title alone being recognized by the treaty of
See also:Ryswick . William married his cousin Mary, the eldest daughter of
See also:James, duke of
See also:York, in 1677 . In 1688 he landed in England, expelled his father-in-
See also:law, James II., from his
See also:throne, and reigned as
See also:king of .
See also:Ireland until his death in 1702 . He
See also:left no children, and a dispute arose among variousclaimants to the title of prince of Orange . The king of Prussia claimed it as the descendant of the eldest daughter of Frederick Henry; John William Friso of Nassau-Dietz claimed it as the descendant of John, the brother of William the Silent, and also of the second daughter of Frederick Henry . The result was that at the peace of Utrecht in 1713, the king of Prussia abandoned the principality to the king of France in
See also:exchange for compensation elsewhere, and John William Friso gained the barren title and became William IV. prince of Orange . His sons William V. and William VI. succeeded him . William VI. in 1815 became William I. king of the Netherlands . See Bastet, Histoire de la ville et de la principaute d'Orange (Orange 1856) . (G .
ORANGE FREE STATE
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