Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 161 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ORANIENBAUM, a town of European Russia, in the government of St Petersburg, lying zoo ft. above the sea on the south constitution met on the 18th of December 1907, when it was announced that the Transvaal and Orange Colony had each given notice of the termination of the intercolonial council with the intention of each colony to gain individual control coast of the Gulf of Finland, opposite Kronstadt. Pop. (1897) 5333. It is well known for its imperial palace and as a summer resort for the inhabitants of St Petersburg, from which it is 25 M. W. by rail. In 1714 Menshikov, to whom the site was presented byPeter the Great, erected for himself the country-seat of Oranienbaum; but confiscated, like the rest of his estates, in 1727, it became an imperial residence. In 1743 the empress Elizabeth assigned the place to Peter III., who built there a castle, Peterstadt (now destroyed), for his Holstein soldiers.
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