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NICOLAS ORESME (c. 1320-1382)

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Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 253 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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NICOLAS ORESME (c. 1320-1382), French bishop, celebrated for his numerous works in both French and Latin on scholastic, scientific and political questions, was. born in Normandy at the opening of the 14th century. In 1348 he was a student in the college of Navarre at Paris, of which he became head in 1356. In 1361 he was named dean of the cathedral of Rouen. Charles V. had him appointed bishop of Lisieux on the 16th of November 1377. He died in that city on the 11th of July 1382. One of his works, of great importance for the history of economic conceptions in the middle ages, was the De origine, natura, lure et mutationibus monetarum, of which there is also a French edition. Oresme was the author of several works on astrology, in which he showed its falseness as a science and denounced its practice. At the request of Charles V. he translated the Ethics, Politics and Economics of Aristotle. In December 1363 he preached before Urban V. a sermon on reform in the church, so severe in its arraignment that it was often brought forward in the 16th century by Protestant polemists. See Francis Meunier, Essai sur la vie et les ouvrages de Nicole Oresme (Paris, 1857) ; Feret, La Faculte de theologie de l' Universite de Paris (Paris, 1896, t. iii. p. 290 sqq.); Emile Bridrey, Nicole Oresme. Etude des doctrines et des faits economiques (Paris, 1906).
End of Article: NICOLAS ORESME (c. 1320-1382)
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