Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 365 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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OTHNIEL, in the Bible, a clan settled at Debir or Kirjathsepher in S. Palestine (Judg. i. 12 sqq., Josh. xv. 16 sqq., contrast Josh. x. 38 seq.), described as the " brother " of Caleb. The name appears in Judg. iii. 7-11 (see JUDGES), as that of a here who delivered Israel from a North Syrian king. That a kink from the Euphrates who had subjugated Canaan should have been defeated by a clan of the south of Palestine has beef` doubted. There is no evidence of such a situation, and it has been conjectured that Cushan-Rishathaim (the name suggests " C. of double wickedness "!) of Aram (o,K) has arisen from some king (cp. Husham, Gen. xxxvi. 34) or clan (cp. Cush, Num. xii. 1; Cushan, Hab. iii. 7) of Edom (Du) to the south or south-east of Palestine. Othniel recurs in 1 Chron. iv. 13. See A. Klostermann, Gesch. d. Volkes Israel (1896), p. 122 ; Cheyne, Ency. Bib. col. 969 seq. and references; also the literature to JUDGES.
End of Article: OTHNIEL
OTHMAN (c. 574-656)

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