See also:Holland, bounded S. and S.W. by Gelderland, N.W. by the Zuider Zee, N. by
See also:Friesland and
See also:Drente, and E. by the Prussian provinces of Hanover and Westphalia respectively;
See also:area 1291 sq. m.; pop . (1904) 359,443• It includes the
See also:island of Schokland in the Zuider Zee . Like Drente on the
See also:north and Gelderland on the south,
See also:Overysel consists of a sandy
See also:flat relieved by hillocks, and is covered with waste stretches of heath and patches of
See also:wood and high fen . Along the shores of the Zuider Zee, however, west of the
See also:Leeuwarden railway, the
See also:country is low-lying and covered for the most
See also:part with fertile pasture lands .
See also:Cattle-rearing and
See also:butter and
See also:cheese making are consequently the chief occupations, while on the
See also:coast many of the
See also:people are engaged in making mats and besoms . The
See also:system of the province is determined by two
See also:main ridges of hills . The first of these extends from the
See also:southern border at Markelo to the Lemeler
See also:hill (262 ft.) near the confluence of the Vecht and, Regge, and forms the
See also:watershed between the Regge and the Salland streams (Sala, whence Salis, Isala, Ysel), which unite at Zwolle to
See also:form the Zwarte
See also:Water . The other
See also:ridge of hills extends through the
See also:smith-eastern division of the province called Twente, from
See also:Enschede to Ootmarsum, and divides the
See also:basin of the Almelosche Aa from the Dinkel and its streams . The river Vecht crosses the province from E. to W. and joins the Zwarte Water, which communicates with the Zuider Zee by the Zwolsche Diep and with the Ysel by the Willemsvaart . Everywhere along the streams is a
See also:strip of fertile grass-
See also:land, from which
See also:agriculture and cattle-rearing have gradually spread over the sand-grounds . A large proportion of the sand-grounds, however, is waste .
See also:Forest culture is practised on parts of them, especially in the east, and pigs are largely bred .
The deposits of the Salland and the Dinkel streams are found to containiron ore, which is extracted and forms an article of export to Germany .
See also:Peat-digging and fen reclamation have been carried on from an early
See also:period, and the area of high fen which formerly covered the portion of the province to the north of the Vecht in the neighbourhood kI of Dedemsvaart has been mostly reclaimed . This
See also:industry is now most active on the eastern
See also:borders between
See also:Almelo and Hardenberg, Vriezenveen being the chief fen colony .
See also:spinning, together with
See also:works, has come into prominence in the 19th century in the
See also:district of Twente . The reason of its isolated settlement here is to be found in the former general practice of
See also:weaving as a home craft and its organization as an industry by capitalist Baptist refugees who arrived in the 17th and 18th centuries . The chief
See also:town of the province is Zwolle, and other thriving
See also:industrial centres are
See also:Deventer, famous for its carpets and cake, and Almelo, Enschede,
See also:Hengelo and Oldenzaal in Twente .
See also:Kampen, Genemuiden, Vollenhove and Blokzyl, on the Zuider Zee, carry on some fishing
See also:trade . Near Vollenhove was the
See also:castle of Toutenburg, built in 1502–1533 by the famous stadtholder of the emperor
See also:Charles V.,
See also:George Schenk . The castle was demolished in the beginning of the 19th century and the remains are slight . The railway system of the province is supplemented by steam tram-lines between Zwolle, Dedemsvaart and Hardenberg .
OVERTURE (Fr. ouverture, opening)
OVID [PUBLIUS OvID1us NASO] (43 B.C.–A.D. 17)
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