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Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 448 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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P PAEZ. left. The capitals are like those of the Basilica, but the details are differently worked out. In front of this temple stood a sacrificial altar as long as the temple itself. The most famous of the temples of Paestum, the so-called temple of Neptune, comes next in point of date (about 420 B.C.). It is a hexastyle peripteros with fourteen columns on each side, and is remarkably well-preserved, both pediments and the epistyle at the sides being still in situ. No traces of the decoration of the pediments and metopes have been preserved. The cella, the outer walls of which have to a great extent disappeared, has two internal rows of seven columns 41 ft. in diameter, upon which rests a simple epistyle, supporting a row of smaller columns, so that the interior of the cella was in two storeys. The Temple of Peace is a building of the Roman period of the and century B.C., with six Doric columns on the front, eight on the sides and none at the back; it was excavated in 183o and is now entirely covered up. Traces of a Roman theatre and amphitheatre (?) have also been found. The circuit of the town walls, well built of squared blocks of travertine, and 16 ft. thick, of the Greek period, is almost entire; they are about 3 M. in circumference, enclosing an irregular, roughly rectangular area. There were four gates, that on the east with a single arched opening being well-preserved. Outside the north gate is a street of tombs, in some of which were found. arms, vases and fine mural paintings (now in the Naples Museum). The following table gives the chief dimensions of the four temples described above in feet 3a a w c O E va a° e, 8 a-' v E as a 8 ~ L' a a q; xV z" aa° QU Basilica (so- 178 8o4 1371 441 44 21 50 called) . Temple of ,o8 471 781 251 61 191 34 Ceres (so - called). Temple of 197 8o 1494 441 41 28 36 Neptune (so-called) . Temple of 84 441 481 28 3 ? 20 Peace (so- called) . (T. As.)
End of Article: P PAEZ
PEDRO PAEZ (1564-1622)

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