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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V14, Page 464 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PAIUTE. Condition, Progress, &c. Authorities. Stock. Situation, Population, &c. Degree of Intermixture. Iroquoian. 1762 with Six Nations, Grand river, Considerable Ont., 1320, Bay of Quinte, English and Ont., slight increase. The French. "Iroquois' at Caughnawaga, &c., are largely Mohawks. Algonkian. About 2000 in N.E. Quebec, N. Large element of shore of St Lawrence and St French blood. John, &c. Shoshonian. About 2000 in N.E. Arizona. Little. Algonkian. 329 on river Thames, Ontario Considerable. Canada. Algonkian. 118 on river Thames, Ontario, Considerable. Canada; also a few with the Stockbridges in Wisconsin and the Chippewa in Kansas. Athabaskan. About moo in N.W. British Col- Not much. umbia, N. and S. of Slikeen river, and E. to beyond the Rockies. Algonkian. Some z5oo in N.E. Quebec, Lab- Not very much. rador, &c. Athabaskan. About 29,000 in Arizona and New Much Spanish Mexico, about 8000 in the latter (Mexican) blood. state. Increasing in number. Salishan. 191 at Colville Agency, Washington. Considerable. Sahaptian. 83 at Colville Agency, Washing- Amount uncertain. ton, 1534 under Ft. Lapwai superintendency, Idaho. De- creasing. Algonkian. 839 on Lake Nipissing, Ontario. Little. Increasing. Algonkian. About 6o at Lake of Two Moun- Considerabie. tains, Quebec. Tsimshian. About 800 in Nass river region in Little. W. British Columbia. Decreasing. Salishan. 146 in \\'. Washington. Considerable. Wakashan. 2133 (including Clayoquot) on Van- Considerable in couver Island, B.C. Decreasing places. slowly. Salishan. 824 in the Kamloops-Okanagan Considerable in Agency, British Columbia; 527 places. on Colville Reservation, Washington. Siouan. 1188 in Nebraska. Much while blood. Iroquoian. 777 on river Thames, Ontario, and Large eiement of 3so with Six Nations in Ontario; white blood. 2151 in Wisconsin; 286 in New York. Increasing. Iroquoian. 350 with the Six Nations, Ontario; Large element of 553 in New York. white blood. Simian. 1994 in Oklahoma. \'e'y much white blood; half are mixed-bloods. Simian. About 390 with the Missouri in Considerable. Oklahoma. Algonkian. About 750 on Manitoulin and Coburn Considerable Islands, Ontario; 2750 in Michi- French and gan; 197 in Oklahoma. English blood. Shoshonian. 6500 to goon chiefly in Nevada No data. (about 60o in Utah; 350 in Arizona).\faking good progress. Canadian Ottawa industrious end law-abiding, and many in the U S. as civilized as average whites about them. Catholic and Protestant missions. Peaceable, moral and industrious; "have steadily resisted the vices of civilization." Catholic and Protestant missions. See Six Nations. At St John, "energetic, hard working and provident"; others suffering from liquor, &c. Catholic missions. Still "pagan," but "dry-farming" experts. At Oraibi two factions, progressives and conservatives. Mennonite mission. Generally industrious and very law-abiding. All Methodists. Fairly industrious; progress slow. Have suffered much from white contact. Reached by Catholic missions from Stuart Lake. Lnprovcnient not marked. Catholic mission influence. Have made remarkable progress racially and individually. Catholic, Presbyterian, &c., missions. Suffering from liquor and white contact. Of a high intellectual type (seen in children); suffering much from disease and white contact. About 6o% Catholics and 15%a Presbyterians. Improving. Little marked progress; but fairly industrious. Catholics. Making good progress. Suffering from white contact, liquor, &c. Industrious and law-abiding; evil from white contact increasing. Catholic and Presbyterian missions. industrious and law-abiding. Catholic, and in Canada Catholic and Anglican churches largely represented. Good prowess in many respects; improvidence, &e., still causing trouble. Presbyterian mission. Canadian Oneidas at Delaware full citizens. All progressing excellently and self-supporting. U.S. Oneidas citizens. Not so advanced in U.S. as Tuscarora. U.S. citizens and making good progress. Baptists and Catholics represented. Forbes, Conga. intern. d. Amer., Quebec, 1906; Brant-Sero, Man (London, 1901). See Six Nations. Chambers, The Ouananiche (1896); Chamberlain, Ann. Arch. Rep. Ontario, 1905; David, Coign mt. d. Amer., Quebec, 1906. Bourke, Snake Dance Among the Moguls (1884) ; Hough, Amer. Anthrop., 1898; Dorsey and Voth, Field Colueuh. Mus. Publ., 19o1-1902. Alsothe numerous monographs of Dr. J. \\'. Fewkes in Rep. Bur. Etlinel. Amer. Anthrop., Journ. Amer. Folk-Lore, 1894-1908. Ann. Rep. 1907. Dept. Ind. All. Canada, Ann. Rep. Dept. Ind. All. Canada, 1907. Writings of Petitot, Morice, &c., especially the latter in Trans. Canaa. Inst., 1894, Proc. Canad. Inst., 1889. See Carriers. Turner, nrth Ann. Rep. Bur. Ethnol., 1889-189o; Chamberlain, Ann. Aron. Rep. Ontario, 1905. Writings of Dr. W. Matthews, especially Navaho Legends (Boston, 1897), The Night Chant (N.Y., 1902). See Chehalis. Packard, Journ. Amer. Folk-Lore, 1891; McBeth, The Nee Farces since Lewis and Clark (New York, 1908); Spinden, Hem. Amer. Anthrop. Assoc., 1908. Ann. Rep. Dept. Ind. All. Canada, 1907. Writings of Rev. J. A. Cuoq, especially Lexique algonquin (Montreal, 1886); Lemoine, Congr. inter. d. Amer., Quebec, 1906. Boas, Rep. Brit. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 1895, 1896, and Indianische Sagan (Berlin, 1895). See Tsimshian. Gibbs, Contrib. N. Amer. Ethnol., vol. i., 1877, and Niskwalli Dictionary, ibid. Sproat, Scenes and Studies of Savage Lila (1868); Boas, Rep. Brit. Assoc., 1890, and Indianische Sagan (1895). Boas, Rep. Brit. Assoc., 1889; Teit, Hem. Amer. plus. Nat. Hist., x900. Dorsey, 3rd Ann. Rep. Bur. Ethnol., 188'1-1882, and 13th Rep., 1891-1892, and other writings. Also writings of Miss A. C. Fletcher. See Ponca. Bloomfield, The Oneidas (N.Y., 1907). See Six Nations. Clark, Onondaga (Syracuse, 1849); writings of Beauchamp, de Cost Smith, M. R. Harrington, &c. See Six Nations. Dorsey (J. 0.), 6th Ann. Rep. Bur. Flhnol., 1884-1885; Brewster, Trans. Kans. Stale :list. Soc., rgob; Dorsey (G. A.), Pub/. Field Colurb.,glIus., 1904; Speck, Trans. Arch. Dept. Univ. of Penn. (Phila., 1907). See Osage. Blackbird, Ottawa and Chippewa Indians (1887). See Pilling's Bibliography of the Algonkian Languages, 1891. Mooney in lath Ann. Rep. Bu-. Etlinol., 1892-1893. See Ute. Tribe. Stock. Situation, Population, &c. Intermixture. Condition, Progress, &c. Authorities.
End of Article: PAIUTE

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