Online Encyclopedia

PAKINGTON

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 521 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PAKINGTON, the name of a. famous English Worcestershire family, now represented by the barony of Hampton. Sir John Pakington (d. 156o) was a successful lawyer and a favourite at court, and Henry VIII. enriched him with estates, including that of Westwood in Worcestershire. His grandnephew and heir, Sir John Pakington (1549—1625), was another prominent courtier, Queen Elizabeth's " lusty Pakington," famous for his magnificence of living. His son John (1600-1624) was created a baronet in 1620. His son, Sir John, the second baronet (162o-168o), played an active part on the royalist side in the troubles of the Great Rebellion and the Commonwealth, and was taken prisoner at Worcester in 1651; Lady Dorothy, his wife (d. 1679), daughter of the lord keeper Thomas Coventry, was famous for her learning, and was long credited with the authorship of The Whole Duty of Man (1658), which has more recently been attributed to Richard Allestree (q.v.). Their grandson, Sir John, the 4th baronet (1671—1727) was a pronounced high Tory and was very prominent in political life; for long he was regarded as the original of Addison's Sir Roger de Coverley, but the reasons for this supposition are now regarded as inadequate. The baronetcy became extinct with the death of Sir John Pakington, the 8th baronet, in January 183o, but it was revived in 1846 for his maternal nephew and heir, John Somerset Pakington (1799—1880), whose name was originally Russell. Born on the 20th of February 1799 and educated at Eton and at Oriel College, Oxford, Pakington had a long career as an active and industrious Conservative politician, being member of parliament for Droitwich from 1837 to 1874. He was secretary for war and the colonies in 1852; first lord of the admiralty in 1858—1859 and again in 1866—1867; and secretary of state for war in 1867—1868. In 1874 he was created Baron Hampton, and he died in London on the 9th of April 1880. From 1875 until his death Hampton was chief civil service commissioner. In 1906 his grandson Herbert Stuart (b. 1883) became 4th baron Hampton. It is interesting to note that in 1529 Henry VIII. granted Sir John Pakington the right of wearing his hat in the royal presence.
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