PALENCIA , an episcopalcity, and the capital of the
See also:Spanish province of Palencia; on the
See also:bank of the
See also:river Carrion, on the Canal de Castilla, at the junction of
See also:railways from Leon and Santander, and 7 M . N. by W. of Venta de Banos on the
See also:line . Pop . (Igloo), 15,940 . Palencia is built in the midst of the level plains called the Tierra de Campos, 2690 ft. above
See also:sea-level . Three bridges across the Carrion afford
See also:access to the
See also:modern suburbs on the right bank . The older and by far the more important
See also:part of the city is protected on the west by the river; on the other sides the old machicolated walls, 36 ft. high by 9 ft. in thickness, are in fairly
See also:good preservation, and beautified by alamedas or promenades, which were laid out in 1778 . The
See also:cathedral was begun in 1321, finished in 1504, and dedicated to St Antolin; it is a large
See also:building in the later and florid
See also:style of Spain . The site was previously occupied by a
See also:church erected by Sancho III. of
See also:Navarre and
See also:Castile (1026—1035) over the cave of St Antolin, which is still shown . The cathedral contains some valuable paintings, old Flemish
See also:tapestry, and beautiful carved woodwork and stonework . The church of
See also:Miguel is a good and fairly well-preserved example of 13th-century
See also:work; that of San Francisco, of the same date, is inferior and has suffered more from modernization . The hospital of San Lazaro is said to date in part from the
See also:time of the
See also:Cid (q.v.), who here married Ximena in 1074 .
Much has been done for
See also:education . Palencia has also hospitals, a foundling
See also:refuge, barracks and a bull-
See also:ring .
See also:industries include iron-founding, and the making of rugs,
See also:cotton, wool, machinery and matches . Palencia, the Pallantia of
See also:Strabo and
See also:Ptolemy, was the chief
See also:town of the Vaccaei . Its
See also:history during the Gothic and Moorish periods is obscure; but it was a Castilian town of some importance in the 12th and 13th centuries . The university founded here in 1208 by
See also:Alphonso IX. was removed in 1239 to Salamanca .
AONIO PALEARIO (c. 1500-1570)
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