Online Encyclopedia

PALENCIA

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 598 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PALENCIA  , an episcopal

city, and the capital of the
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Spanish province of Palencia; on the
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left
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bank of the
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river Carrion, on the Canal de Castilla, at the junction of
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railways from Leon and Santander, and 7 M . N. by W. of Venta de Banos on the
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Madrid-
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Irun
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line . Pop . (Igloo), 15,940 . Palencia is built in the midst of the level plains called the Tierra de Campos, 2690 ft. above sea-level . Three bridges across the Carrion afford access to the
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modern suburbs on the right bank . The older and by far the more important
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part of the city is protected on the west by the river; on the other sides the old machicolated walls, 36 ft. high by 9 ft. in thickness, are in fairly good preservation, and beautified by alamedas or promenades, which were laid out in 1778 . The
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cathedral was begun in 1321, finished in 1504, and dedicated to St Antolin; it is a large
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building in the later and florid
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Gothic style of Spain . The site was previously occupied by a church erected by Sancho III. of Navarre and Castile (1026—1035) over the cave of St Antolin, which is still shown . The cathedral contains some valuable paintings, old Flemish
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tapestry, and beautiful carved woodwork and stonework . The church of
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San Miguel is a good and fairly well-preserved example of 13th-century
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work; that of San Francisco, of the same date, is inferior and has suffered more from modernization . The hospital of San Lazaro is said to date in part from the time of the
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Cid (q.v.), who here married Ximena in 1074 .

Much has been done for

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education . Palencia has also hospitals, a foundling
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refuge, barracks and a bull-ring .
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Local
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industries include iron-founding, and the making of rugs,
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alcohol, leather,
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soap,
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porcelain,
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linen, cotton, wool, machinery and matches . Palencia, the Pallantia of Strabo and Ptolemy, was the chief
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town of the Vaccaei . Its
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history during the Gothic and Moorish periods is obscure; but it was a Castilian town of some importance in the 12th and 13th centuries . The university founded here in 1208 by
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Alphonso IX. was removed in 1239 to Salamanca .

End of Article: PALENCIA
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