PALES , an old
See also:Italian goddess of flocks and shepherds . The festival called Parilia (less correctly Palilia) was celebrated in her
See also:honour at Rome and in the
See also:country on the 21st of
See also:April . In this festival Pales was invoked to
See also:protection and increase to flocks and herds; the shepherds entreated forgiveness for any unintentional profanation of
See also:holy places of which their flocks might have been guilty, and leaped three times across bonfires of
See also:hay and
See also:straw (Ovid,
See also:Fasti, iv . 731–805) . The Parilia was not only a herdsmen's festival, but was regarded as the birthday celebration of Rome, which was supposed to have been founded on the same
See also:day . Pales plays a very sub-
See also:part in the religion of Rome, even the sex of the divinity being uncertain . A male Pales was sometimes spoken of, corresponding in some respects to
See also:Pan; the
See also:female Pales was associated with
See also:Vesta and Anna Perenna .
PALERMO (Greek, Havopuos; Latin, Panhormus, Panormu...
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