Online Encyclopedia

PALM BEACH

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 643 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PALM BEACH, a winter resort on the east coast of Florida, U.S.A., in Palm Beach county, about 264 M. S. of St Augustine; served by the Florida East Coast railway. It is situated on a peninsula (about 30 in. long and 1 in. wide) separated from the mainland by Lake Worth, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean, and derives its name from the groves of coco-nut palms which fringe the lake. The coco-nut was introduced here by chance, through the wrecking, off the coast, in January 1879, of a coco-nut-laden Spanish vessel. The Gulf Stream is within about 1 in. of the shore, and the climate is mild and equable, the winter temperature normally ranging between 700 and 750 F. On the Atlantic is the Breakers, a large hotel, and facing Lake Worth is the Royal Poinciana, the largest hotel in the southern states. Palm Beach has few permanent residents and is not incorporated. On the mainland just across the lake is the city of West Palm Beach (pop. in 1905, 1280; 1910, 1743), a pleasure resort and the county-seat of Palm Beach county (created in 1909). PALM-CIVET, or PARADOXURE, the name of the members of the civet-like genus Paradoxurus, represented by several species mainly from south-east Asia. (See CARNIVORA.) Palm-civets are mostly about the size of the domestic cat, or rather larger, chiefly arboreal in habits, with dark uniform, spotted or striped fur. The common Indian palm-civet (P. niger) ranges through-out India, wherever there are trees, frequently taking up its abodes in roof-thatch. Its diet consists of small mammals and reptiles, birds and their eggs, fruit and vegetables. From four to six young are brought forth at a litter, and are easily tamed. Other species are the Ceylonese P. aureus, the brown P. jerdoni, the Himalayan P. grayi and the Malayan P. Hennaphroditus. The small-toothed palm-civets, from the Malay Archipelago, Sumatra and Java, have been separated from the typical group to form the genus Arctogale. In Africa the group is represented by two species of Nandinia, which show several primitive characters.
End of Article: PALM BEACH
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PALM (Lat. palma, Gr. iraX6.jn )
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