See also:Paris respectively; more generally, the name of any
See also:building in which as a mark of
See also:honour the bodies of the nation's famous men are buried, or " memorials " or monuments to them are placed . Thus
See also:Westminster Abbey is sometimes styled the
See also:British "
See also:Pantheon," and the rotunda in the
See also:Escorial where the
See also:kings of Spain are buried also bears the name . Near
See also:Regensburg (q.v.) is the pantheon of German worthies, known as the Valhalla . The first building to which the name was given was that built in Rome in 27 B.C. by Agrippa; it was burned later and the existing building was erected in the reign of
See also:Hadrian; since A.D . 609 it has been a Christian
See also:church, S Maria Rotunda . It was the Paris building that gave rise to the generic use of the
See also:term for a building where a nation's illustrious dead
See also:rest . The Pantheon in Paris was the church built in the classical
See also:style by Soufflot; it was begun in 1764 and consecrated to the patroness of the city, Sainte Genevieve . At the Revolution it was secularized under the name of Le Pantheon, and dedicated to the
See also:great men of the nation . It was reconsecrated in 1828 for worship, was again secularized in 183o, was once more a place of worship from 1851 to 1870, and was then a third
See also:time secularized . On the entablature is inscribed the words Aux Grandes
See also:Holmes La Patrie Reconnaissance . The decree of 1885 finally established the building for the purpose for which the name now stands .
PANTHEISM (Gr. 7rav, all, Oeos, god)
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