PARENZO , a seaport of
See also:Austria, in
See also:Istria, 95 M . S. by W. of Trieste by
See also:rail . Pop . (1900), 9962, mostly
See also:Italian . It is situated on the west
See also:coast of Istria, and is built on a peninsula nowhere more than 5 ft. above the
See also:sea-level; and from the fact that the pavements of the
See also:period are 3 ft. below the
See also:surface it is inferred that this
See also:part of the coast is slowly subsiding . Parenzo has considerable historic and architectural
See also:interest, and its well-preserved
See also:cathedral of St Maurus, erected probably between 535 and 543, is one of the most interesting buildings in the whole of Austria . The basilican type is very pure; there are three naves; the apse is hexagonal without and
See also:round within . The
See also:total length of the
See also:church proper is only 120 ft.; but in front of the west entrance is a square
See also:atrium with three
See also:arches on each side; to the west of the atrium is a now roofless baptistery, and to the west of that rises the campanile; so that the total length from campanile to apse is about 230 ft . Mosaics, now greatly spoiled,
See also:form the chief decoration of both outside and inside . The high
See also:altar is covered with a
See also:noble baldachin, dating from 1277 . The
See also:basilica is one of those churches in which the
See also:priest when celebrating mass stands behind the altar with his
See also:face to the west . An older church is referred to in the inscription of Euphrasius in the
See also:mosaic of the apse of the cathedral, and remains of its mosaic pavement and of its apse have been found under the
See also:floor of the present church; it belongs perhaps to the 5th century A.D.; while at a still
See also:lower level another pavement, perhaps of the 4th century A.D., has been discovered, belonging to the first church, which
See also:lay to the
See also:north of the present .
Severalinscriptions mention the name of donors of parts of it . The mosaic pavement of the, present church was almost entirely destroyed in 188o, when the floor-level was raised . Small portions of two temples and an inscribed
See also:stone are the only remains of the
See also:ancient Roman city that If readily catch the
See also:eye . Parenzo is the seat of the Provincial
See also:Diet of Istria, and is also an episcopal see . Parenzo (
See also:Lat . Parentium) , conquered by the Romans in 178 B.C., was made a colony probably by
See also:Augustus after the
See also:battle of
See also:Actium, for its title in inscriptions is Colonia Julia and not, as it has often been given, Colonia Ulpia . It
See also:grew to be a place of some note with about 6000 inhabitants within its walls and ro,000 in its suburbs . The bishopric, founded in 524, gradually acquired ecclesiastical authority over a large number of abbeys and other
See also:foundations in the surrounding
See also:country . The city, which had long been under the influence of Venice, formally recognized Venetian supremacy in 1267, and as a Venetian
See also:town it was in 1354 attacked and plundered by Paganino
See also:Doria of Genoa . The bishoprics of Pola and Parenzo were
See also:united in 1827 . See
See also:Mason Neale, Notes on Dalmatia, Istria, &cc . (
See also:London, 1861), with ground plan of cathedral; E .
A .Freeman, Sketches from the Subject and Neighbour Lands of Venice (London, 1881); and Neumann, Der Dom von Parenzo (Vienna, 1902) .
PARENTHESIS (from Gr. 1rapev,rdAvat, put in alongsi...
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