See also:scholar, son of Paulin
See also:Paris, was
See also:born at Avenay (
See also:Marne) on the 9th of
See also:August 1839 . In his childhood Gaston Paris learned to appreciate the Old French romances as poems and stories, and this early impulse to the study of
See also:Romance literature was placed on a solid basis by courses of study at
See also:Bonn (1856-1857) under
See also:Friedrich Diez, at
See also:Gottingen (1857-1858) and finally at the Ecole
See also:des Chartes (1858-1861) . His first important
See also:work was an Etude sur le role de l'
See also:accent latin clans la langue frangaise (1862) . The subject was
See also:developed later in his Lettre d M . Leon Gautier sur la versification latine rhythmique (1866) . Gaston Paris maintained that French versification was a natural development of popular Latin methods which depended on accent rather than quantity, and were as widely different from classical rules as the Low Latin was from the classical idiom.' For his degree as
See also:doctor he presented a thesis on the Histoire poetique de Charlemagne (1865) . He succeeded his
See also:father as
See also:professor of
See also:medieval French literature at the
See also:College de France in 1872; in 1876 he was admitted to the Academy of Inscriptions and in 1886 to the French Academy; and in 1895 he was appointed director of the College de France . Gaston Paris won a
See also:European reputation as a Romance scholar . He had learnt German methods of exact
See also:research, but besides being an accurate philologist he was a
See also:literary critic of
See also:great acumen and breadth of view, and brought a singularly clear mind to bear on his favourite study of medieval French literature . His
See also:Vie de
See also:Saint-Alexis (1872) broke new ground and provided a
See also:model for future editors of medieval texts . It included the
See also:original text and the variations of it dating from the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries . Gaston Paris contributed largely to the Histoire litteraire de la France, and with Paul
See also:Meyer published Romania, a journal devoted to the study of Romance literature .
Among his other numerous
See also:works may be mentioned
See also:Les Plus anciens monuments de la langue frangaise (1875); a
See also:Manuel d'ancien
See also:Francais (1888); an edition of the Mystere de la passion d'Arnoul Greban (1878), in collaboration with M . Gaston Raynaud; Delve redactions du
See also:roman des
See also:Sept sages de Rome (1876); a
See also:translation of the Grammaire des langues romans (1874-1878) of Friedrich Diez, in collaboration with MM . Brachet and
See also:Morel-Fatio . Among his works of a more popular nature are La Poesie du moyen dge (1885 and 189J); Penseurs et pates (1897); Fames et legendes du moyen dge (1900);
See also:Villon (1901), an admirable monograph contributed to the " Grande Ecrivains Francais " series; Legendes du moyen dge (1903) . His excellent
See also:summary of medieval French literature forms a
See also:volume of the
See also:Temple Primers . Gaston Paris endeared himself to a wide circle of scholars outside his own
See also:country by his unfailing urbanity and generosity . In France itself he trained at the Ecole des Chartes and the College de France a
See also:band of disciples who continued the traditions of exact research that he established . Among them were:
See also:Leopold Pannier;
See also:Marius Sepet, the author of Le Drame chretien au moyen dge . (1878) and of the Origines catholiques du theatre moderne (1901);
See also:Charles Joret;
See also:Alfred Morel-Fatio; Gaston Raynaud, who is responsible for various volumes of the excellent
See also:editions published by the Societe des anciens textes frangais; Arsene
See also:Darmesteter and others . Gaston Paris died in Paris on the 6th of
See also:March 1903 . See " Hommage a Gaston Paris " (1903), the opening lecture of his successor,
See also:Joseph Bedier, in the
See also:chair of medieval literature at the College de France; A .
See also:Thomas, Essais de philologie frangaise (1897); W .
P . Kee, in the FortnightlyReview (
See also:July . *904); M . Croiset,
See also:Notice sur Gaston Paris (1904) ; J . Bedier et M . Roques, Bibliographie des travaux de Gaston Paris (1904) .
ALEXIS PAULIN PARIS (1800-x881)
FRANCOIS DE PARIS (169o-1727)
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