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Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 882 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PASCHAL III., anti-pope from 1164 to 1168, was elected the successor of Victor IV. on the 22nd of April 1164. He was an aged aristocrat, Guido of Crema. Recognized at once by the emperor Frederick I. he soon lost the support of Burgundy, but the emperor crushed opposition in Germany, and gained the co-operation of Henry II. of England. Supported by the victorious imperial army, Paschal was enthroned at St Peter's on the 22nd of July 1167, and Pope Alexander III., became a fugitive. Sudden imperial reverses, however, made Paschal glad in the end to hold so much as the quarter on the right bank of the Tiber, where he died on the loth of September 1168. He was succeeded by the anti-pope Callixtus III. See A. Hauck, Kirchengeschichte Deutschlands, Bd. IV. (Leipzig, 1903, 259-276) ; H. Bohmer in Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklopadie, Bd. XIV., 724 seq.; and Lobkowtiz, Statistik der Papste (Freiburg, i. B. 1905). (W. W. R.*)
End of Article: PASCHAL III

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