PASHA , also written " pasha " and formerly " pashaw," &c., a
See also:Turkish title,
See also:superior to that of bey (q.v.),
See also:borne by persons of high
See also:rank and placed after the name . It is in the
See also:gift, of the sultan of
See also:Turkey and, by delegation, ?of the
See also:khedive of
See also:Egypt . The title appears, originally, to have been bestowed exclusively upon military commanders, but it is now given to any high official, and also to unofficial persons whom it is desired to
See also:honour . It is conferred indifferently upom Moslems and Christians, and is frequently given to foreigners in the service of the
See also:Turks or Egyptians . Pashas are of three grades, formerly distinguished by the number of
See also:horse-tails (three, two and one respectively) which they were entitled to display as symbols of authority when on
See also:campaign . A pashalik is a province governed by or under the jurisdiction of a pasha . The word is variously derived from the Persian padshah, Turkish
See also:equivalent to
See also:king or emperor, and from the Turkish bash, in some dialects gash, a
See also:head, chief, &c . In old Turkish there was no fixed distinction between b and p . As first used in western
See also:Europe the title was written with the initial b . The
See also:English forms bashaw, bassaw, bucha, &c., general in the 16th and 17th centuries, were derived through the med .
See also:Lat. and Ital.
See also:bassa .
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