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FRANZ LUDWIG CARL FRIEDRICH PASSOW (1...

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Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 890 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FRANZ LUDWIG CARL FRIEDRICH PASSOW (1786-1833), German classical scholar and lexicographer, was born at Ludwigslust in Mecklenburg-Schwerin on the loth of September 1786. In 1807 he was appointed to the professorship of Greek literature at the Weimar gymnasium by Goethe, whose acquaintance he had made during a holiday tour. In 1815 he became professor of ancient literature in the university of Breslau, where he continued to reside until his death on the 11th of March 1833. His advocacy of gymnastic exercises, in which he himself took part, met with violent opposition and caused a quarrel known as the " Breslauer Turnfehde." Passow's great work was his Handworterbuch der griechischen Sprache (1819-1824), originally a revision of J. G. Schneider's lexicon, which appeared in the fourth edition (1831) as an independent work, without Schneider's name (new ed. by Cronert, 19o1). It formed the basis of Liddell and Scott's lexicon. Other works by him are Grundzuge der griech. and rom. Literatur- and Kunstgeschichte (2nd. ed., 1829) and editions of Persius, Longus, Tacitus Germania, Dionysius Periegetes, and Musaeus. His miscellaneous writings have been collected in his Opuscula academica (1835) and Vermischte Schriften (1843). See Franz Passow's Leben and Briefe (1839), by L. and A. Wachler, which contains a full bibliography.
End of Article: FRANZ LUDWIG CARL FRIEDRICH PASSOW (1786-1833)
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