PATHAN , the name applied throughoutIndia to the Afghans, especially to those permanently settled in the
See also:country and to those dwelling on the borderland . It is apparently derived from the Afghan name for their own language,
See also:Pushtu or Pukhtu, and may be traced back to the Paktues of
See also:Herodotus . In Igor the
See also:total number of Pathans in all India was nearly 31 millions, but the speakers of Pushtu numbered less than l t millions . The name is frequently, but incorrectly, applied to the
See also:Mahommedan dynasties that preceded the Moguls at
See also:Delhi, and also to the
See also:style of architecture employed by them; but of these dynasties only the Lodis were Afghans . The Pathans of the
See also:Indian borderland inhabit the mountainous country on the
See also:Punjab frontier, stretching northwards from a
See also:drawn roughly across the
See also:southern border of the Dera
See also:Ismail Khan
See also:district . South of this line are the Baluchis . The Pathans include all the strongest and most warlike tribes of the
See also:North-West frontier of India, such as the Afridis, Orakzais, Waziris, Mohmands, Swatis and many other clans . Those in the settled districts of the North-West Frontier Province (in 1901) numbered 883,779, or more than two-fifths of the population . Each of the
See also:principal divisions is dealt with separately in this
See also:work under its tribal name . The Pathans are split up into different tribes, each tribe into clans, and each
See also:clan into sections, so that the nomenclature is often very puzzling . The tribe, clan and section are alike distinguished by patronymics formed from the name of the
See also:common ancestor by the addition of the word zai or khel; zai being a corruption of the Pushtu word we, meaning son, while khel is an Arabic word meaning an association or
See also:company . Both terms are used indifferently for both the larger and smaller divisions .
Pathans enlist largely in the nativearmy of India; and since the frontier risings of 1897 they have been formed with increasing frequency into class-regiments and regiments of native militia . They make excellent soldiers . The greater partof the Pathan country was placed under
See also:control by the
See also:Durand agreement made with the Amir of
See also:Afghanistan in 1893 .
JANET MONACH PATEY (1842-1894)
PATHOLOGY (from Gr. raBos, suffering)
pathan is sool blood
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