Online Encyclopedia

PATNA

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 930 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PATNA, one of the Orissa tributary states in Bengal, with an area of 2399 sq. m. It lies in the basin of the Mahanadi river, and is divided by a forest-clad hilly tract into a northern and a southern portion, both of which are undulating and well cultivated. Pop. (1901), 277,748, showing a decrease of 16% in the decade, mainly due to the effects of famine in 1900. Nearly the whole population consists of Oriyas. The capital is Bolangir: pop. (1901), 3706. The principal crop is rice. The maharajas of Patna were formerly heads of a group of states known as the athara garhjat or " eighteen forts." They are Chauhban Rajputs, and claim to have been established in Patna for six centuries. Patna was the scene of a rebellion of the Khonds, followed by atrocities on the part of their rulers, in 1869, and, in consequence, came under British management in 1871. The maharaja Ramchandra Singh,. installed in 1894, was insane and put an end to his own life in the following year, whereupon his uncle, Lal Dalganjan Singh, became chief, undertaking to administer with the assistance of a diwan or minister appointed by the British government. The powers of this official were extended in 1900 after a serious outbreak of dacoity. Till 1905 the state was included in the Central Provinces.
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In 1977 India's renowned Poet, thinker, & bhashavijnani Mahakavi Kashinath Pandeya founded this Institution . Initially Kala-Kaksh was confined to literature and music only . But Gradually the great thinker felt that for upliftment of culture, literature is a medium. In other words literature is theory and art is practical of life. But the acceptance & respect for creativity and artistic attitude in our day to day life is not enough. Then Mahakavi has taken responsibility to speak out on behalf of any art or related things, persons & systems etc. "Shivetar Kshati" (f'kosrj {kfr) is the soul pledge of Sampoorna Kala Daayitwa Samkalpit Kala-Kaksh
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