Online Encyclopedia

PATTESON

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 937 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PATTESON  , sionary,

bishop of
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Melanesia, was born in
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London on the 1st of
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April 1827, the eldest son of
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Sir John Patteson, justice of the King's Bench, and Frances Duke Coleridge, a near relative of
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Samuel Taylor Coleridge . He was educated at Ottery St Mary and at
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Eton, where he distinguished himself on the cricket-field . He entered Balliol College, Oxford, in 1845, graduated B.A. in 1848, and in 1852 became a
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fellow of Merton College . In 1853 he became curate of Alfington, Devon, and in the following
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year he was ordained priest . He then joined George Augustus Selwyn, bishop of New Zealand, in a
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mission to the Melanesian islands . There he laboured with
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great success, visiting the different islands of the
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group in the mission
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ship the "
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Southern
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Cross," and by his good sense and devotion winning the esteem and affection of the natives . His linguistic powers were ' The word is taken from an obsolete French chapine or
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Spanish chapin, and is of doubtful origin . The Spanish chapa, flat
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plate, has been suggested . The word does not occur in
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Italian, though it is often Italianized in
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English in such forms as cioppino . exceptional, and he spoke 23
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languages with ease . In 1861 he was consecrated bishop of Melanesia, and fixed his headquarters at Mota . He was killed by natives at Nukapu, in the
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Santa Cruz group, on the loth of September 1871, the victim of a tragic error .

The traders engaged in the nefarious

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traffic in
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Kanaka labour for Fiji and
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Queensland had taken to personating missionaries in order to facilitate their kidnapping; Patteson was mistaken for one of these and killed . His murderers evidently found out their mistake and repented of it, for the bishop's
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body was found at sea floating in a canoe, covered with a palm fibre
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matting, and a palm-branch in his hand . He is thus represented in the bas-
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relief erected in Merton College to his memory . See
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Life by
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Charlotte M . Yonge (1873) .

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