See also:English Lollard and Taborite, the son of a Frenchman by an English wife, was
See also:born at Houghon-the-
See also:Hill near Grantham, about 1380 . He was educated at
See also:Oxford, where he adopted Lollard opinions, and had graduated as a
See also:master of arts before the 6th of
See also:October 1406, when he was concerned in the irregular proceedings through which a
See also:letter declaring the sympathy of the university was addressed to the Bohemian reformers . From 1410 to 1414
See also:Payne was
See also:principal of St Edmund
See also:Hall, and during these years was engaged in controversy with
See also:Thomas Netter of
See also:Walden, the Carmelite defender of Catholic
See also:doctrine . In 1414 he was compelled to leave Oxford and taught for a
See also:time in
See also:London . Ultimately 76 11 . Ahe had to flee from England, and took
See also:refuge in Bohemia, where he was received by the university of
See also:Prague on the 13th of
See also:February 1417, and soon became a
See also:leader of the reformers . He joined the
See also:sect of the " Orphans," and had a prominent
See also:part in the discussions and conferences of the ten years from 1420 to 1430 . When the Bohemians agreed to send representatives to the Council of
See also:Basel, Payne was naturally chosen to be one of their delegates . He arrived at Basel, on the 4th of
See also:January 1433, and his unyielding
See also:temper and bitter words probably did much to prevent a settlement . The Bohemians
See also:left Basel in
See also:April . The party of the nobles, who had been ready to make terms, were attacked in the
See also:Diet at Prague, by the Orphans and Taborites . Next
See also:year the dispute led to open war .
The nobles were victorious at Lipau on the 29th of May 1434, and it was reported in England that Payne was killed . When soon afterwards themajority of the Orphans joined the moderate party, Payne allied himself with the more extreme Taborites . Nevertheless his reputation was so
See also:great that he was accepted as an arbitrator in doctrinal disputes amongst the reformers . In February 1437 the
See also:pope desired the emperor
See also:Sigismund to send Payne to be tried for
See also:heresy at Basel . Payne had to leave his pastorate at Saas, and took refuge with
See also:Peter Chelcicky, the Bohemian author . Two years later he was captured and imprisoned at Gutenstein, but was ransomed by his Taborite friends . Payne took part in the conferences of the Bohemian parties in 1443-1444, and again in 1452 . He died at Prague in 1455 . He was a learned and eloquent controversialist, and a faithful adherent to Wycliffe's doctrine . Payne was also known as Clerk at Oxford, as Peter English in Bohemia, and as Freyng, after his French
See also:father, and Hough from his
See also:birth place .
JAMES PAYN (1830-1898)
PAYNTER (or PAINTER), WILLIAM (c. 1540-1594)
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