PECULIAR , a word now generally used in the sense of that which solely or exclusively belongs to,or is particularly characteristic of, an individual; hence
See also:odd, queer . The
See also:Lat. peculiaris meant primarily " belonging to private
See also:property," and is formed from peculium, private property, particularly the property given by a paterfamilias to his
See also:children, or by a
See also:master to his slave, to enjoy as their own . As a
See also:term of ecclesiastical
See also:law " peculiar " is applied to those ecclesiastical districts, parishes, chapels or churches, once numerous in England, which were outside the jurisdiction of the
See also:bishop of the
See also:diocese in which they were situated, and were subject to a jurisdiction " peculiar " to themselves . They were introduced originally, in many cases by papal authority, in
See also:order to limit the
See also:powers of the bishop in his diocese . There were royal peculiars, e.g. the
See also:Chapel Royal St
See also:James's, or St
See also:George's Windsor, peculiars of the archbishop, over certain of which the
See also:Court of Peculiars exercised jurisdiction (see
See also:ARCHES, COURT OF), and peculiars of bishops and deans (see DEAN) . The jurisdiction and privileges of the " peculiars " were abolished by statutory powers given to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners Acts 1836 and 185o, by the Pluralities
See also:Act 1838, the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction Act 1849, and other statutes .
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