See also:saint of this name, a virgin of fifteen years, who
See also:death by a leap from the housetop rather than dishonour, is mentioned by
See also:Ambrose (De virg. iii . 7, 33; Ep.
See also:xxxvii. ad Simplic.), and is the subject of two sermons by
See also:Chrysostom . Her festival was celebrated on the 8th of
See also:October (
See also:Martyrology) . In the Greek synaxariathe same
See also:day is assigned to two other
See also:saints of the name of Pelagia—one, also of
See also:Antioch, and sometimes called Margarito and also " the. sinner "; the other, known as
See also:Pelagia of
See also:Tarsus, in
See also:Cilicia . The
See also:legend of the former of these two is famous . She was a celebrated dancer and courtesan, who, in the full flower of her beauty and guilty
See also:sovereignty over the youth of Antioch, was suddenly converted by the influence of the
See also:Nonnus, whom she had heard preaching in front of a
See also:church which she was passing with her gay
See also:train of attendants and admirers . Seeking out Nonnus, she overcame his canonical scruples by her tears of genuine penitence, was baptized, and, disguising herself in the garb of a male penitent, retired to a grotto on the
See also:Mount of Olives, where she died after three years of strict penance . This
See also:story seems to combine with the name of the older Pelagia some traits from an actual
See also:history referred to by Chrysostom (
See also:Horn. in Matth. lxvii . 3) . In associating St Pelagia with St Marina, St
See also:Margaret (q.v.), and others, of whom either the name or the legend recalls Pelagia, Hermann Usener has endeavoured to show by a series of subtle deductions that this saint is only a Christian
See also:travesty of
See also:Aphrodite . But there is no doubt of the existence of the first Pelagia of Antioch, the Pelagia of Ambrose and Chrysostom .
The legends which have subsequently become connected with her name are the result of a very
See also:common development in
See also:literary history . See Acta sanctorum, October, iv . 248 seq . ; H . Usener . Legenden der heiligen Pelagia (
See also:Bonn, 1879) ; H . Delehaye, The Legends of the Saints (
See also:London, 1907), pp . 197-205 . (H .
PEKING, or PEKIN
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