PEORIA , acity,
See also:port of entry, and the
See also:county-seat of Peoria county,
See also:Illinois, U.S.A., in the
See also:north central
See also:part of the state, on the
See also:lower end of Lake Peoria, an expansion of the Illinois
See also:river, and about 15o m . S.W. of Chicago . Pop . (1900) 56,1oo; (Iglo) 66,95o . It is served by 13
See also:railways, of which the most important are the Chicago,
See also:Burlington & Quincy, the Chicago,
See also:Island & Pacific, the Chicago &
See also:Alton, the Illinois Central, the
See also:Cincinnati, Chicago & St
See also:Louis, and the Chicago & North-Western . The Illinois river is navigable to its mouth, and at La Salle, above Peoria, connects with the Illinois &" breed " traders, trappers and farmers, had been established about 11 m. above the
See also:foot of the lake, on its west
See also:shore . This
See also:village was practically deserted during the later years (1781-1783) of the War of Independence, and when its inhabitants returned after the peace they settled in a village which had been established about 1778, on the
See also:present site of Peoria, by
See also:Baptiste Maillet '(d . 18o1), and was at first called La Ville de Maillet . It is probable that Jean Baptiste Point de Saible, believed to have been a Santo Domingan
See also:negro, and jocularly spoken of "as the first
See also:white set:'_er in Chicago," lived in the " old village " of Peoria as early as 1973—0r six years before he settled on the present site of Chicago—and again about 1783 . In
See also:November 1812 about
See also:half of the
See also:town was burned by a
See also:company of Illinois militia who had been sent thither to build a fort, and whose captain asserted that his boats had been fired upon at
See also:night by the villagers . In the following
See also:year a fort, named Fort
See also:Clark in
See also:honour of
See also:Rogers Clark, was erected on the site of the old village; it was evacuated in 1818, and soon afterwards was burned by the
See also:Indians . After the town was burned there was no serious attempt to rebuild until 1819 .
Michigan Canal extending to Chicago . The river is spanned at Peoria was incorporated as a town in 1835 and was chartered Peoria by two railway bridges and a
See also:bridge . The as a city in 1845 . In 1900 North Peoria was annexed . residential portion of the city is situated on bluffs overlooking See
See also:David McCulloch, Early Days of Peoria and Chicago, an address read before the Chicago
See also:Historical Society in 1904, and published by that society, (n.d.), and " Old Peoria," by the same author, in publication No . 6 of the Illinois State Historical Society Trans-actions (
See also:Ill . Igor); also Historical
See also:Encyclopaedia of Illinois (Chicago, 'goo), ed. by
See also:Newton Bateman and Paul Selby;
See also:History of Peoria County,`:,Ill . (Chicago, 188o) ; and C .
See also:Ballance, History of Peoria (Peoria, 187o) .
GUGLIELMO PEPE (1783-1855)
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