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PERDICCAS

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Originally appearing in Volume V21, Page 137 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PERDICCAS, the name of three kings of Macedonia, who returned to the marine subjects which he knew and loved best. reigned respectively c. 700 B.C., c. 454—413 B.C., and 364—359 Again, in Penas arriba (1895), the love of country life is mani-B.C., and of one of Alexander the Great's generals, son of Orontes, fested in the masterly contrast between the healthy, moral a descendant of the independent princes of the province of labour of the fields and the corrupt, squalid life of cities. Orestis. The last named distinguished himself at the conquest Pereda's fame was now established; the statutes of the Spanish of Thebes (335 B.C.), and held an important command in the Academy, which require members to reside at Madrid, were Indian campaigns of Alexander. In the settlement made after suspended in his favour (1896). But his literary career was Alexander's death (323) it was finally agreed that Philip Arrhi- over. The tragic death of his eldest son, the disastrous camdaeus, an insane son of the great Philip, and Roxana's unborn paign in Cuba and the Philippines, darkened his closing years, child (if a son) should be recognized as joint kings, Perdiccas 1 and his health failed long before his death at Polanco on the being appointed, according to one account, guardian and regent, 1st of March 1906. according to another, chiliarch under Craterus. He soon showed Pereda belongs to the native realistic school of Spain, which. himself intolerant of any rivals, and acting in the name of the founded by the unknown author of Lazarillo de Tormes, was two kings (for Roxana gave birth to a son, Alexander IV) continued by Meteo Aleman, Cervantes, Quevedo, Castillo sought to hold the empire together under his own hand. His Sol6rzano and many others. With the single exception of most loyal supporter was Eumenes, governor of Cappadocia Cervantes, however, the picaresque writers are almost entirely and Paphlagonia. These provinces had not yet been conquered wanting in the spirit of generous sympathy and tenderness by the Macedonians, and Antigonus (governor of Phrygia, which constitutes a great part of Pereda's charm. His realism Lycia and Pamphylia) refused to undertake the task at the is purely Spanish, as remote from Zola's moroseness as from command of Perdiccas. Having been summoned to the royal the graceful sentimentality of Pierre Loti. Few 19th-century presence to stand his trial for disobedience, Antigonus fled to writers possessed the virile temperament of Pereda, and, with Europe and entered into alliance with Antipater, Craterus and the single exception of Tolstoy, none kept a moral end more Ptolemy, the son of Lagus. Perdiccas, leaving the war in Asia steadily in view. This didactic tendency unquestionably Minor to Eumenes, marched to attack Ptolemy in Egypt. He injures his effects. Moreover, his grim satire occasionally reached Pelusium, but failed to cross the Nile. A mutiny degenerates into somewhat truculent caricature, and the excesbroke out amongst the troops, disheartened by failure and I sive use of dialect and technical terms (which caused him to exasperated by his severity, and Perdiccas was assassinated by supply Sotileza with a brief vocabulary) is a grave artistic some of his officers (321). (E. R. B.) f blemish. But he saw, knew, understood character; he created See MACEDONIAN EMPIRE. not only types, but living personages, such as Andres, Cleto
End of Article: PERDICCAS
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THOMAS PERCY (c. 156o-16os)
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JOSE MARIA DE PEREDA (1833—1906)

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